- Ancient Greek or Roman vessels for water with three handles: two horizontal side handles for lifting and one vertical back handle for holding and pouring. Many hydriae were also made in bronze in addition to terracotta and, unlike the metal versions of other shapes, a good number survive.
- Refers to a type of hydria featuring a neck forming a continuous curve with the body. This shape also features a smaller mouth and narrower neck than the shoulder hydria. It was the most common form of hydria for red-figure. Although the kalpis was introduced after the invention of red-figure, there are some red-figure kapides. Many kalpides were also made in bronze in addition to terracotta and, unlike the metal versions of other shapes, a good number survive.
red-figure vase paintings
- Ancient Greek visual works comprising pottery objects having primarily black decoration on a red ground, with figures reserved in red. Details were painted on the red of the background clay, allowing overall more sophisticated works than with black-figure vase paintings. Works appeared in Athens ca. 530 BCE.
- Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/157576 |title=Attic Red-Figure Hydria/Kalpis (Water Jar) with Nike |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=4/11/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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