27 in. x 51 1/2 in. x 19 in. (68.58 cm x 130.81 cm x 48.26 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
North and Central America, United States
Fine and Visual Arts; Sculptures
Deanery Collection, Mary Garrett Collection
William Henry Rinehart (1825-1874) was an American sculptor and native of Maryland, where he first studied sculpture before moving to Italy in the 1850s. Among his many American patrons were William T. Walters, founder of the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, and John W. Garrett, the president of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad.
Garrett purchased this life-size marble sculpture in 1874. It is the first marble version of Endymion Recumbent that Rinehart created; three other versions exist. One, in bronze, is mounted on Rinehart’s own tomb in Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore. A plaster version is located in the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C., and another marble replica is at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, also in Washington, D.C.
The sculpture was brought to Bryn Mawr by Mary Elizabeth Garrett, John Garrett’s daughter, when she moved into the Deanery in 1904. It was originally misattributed to the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) and placed in the Deanery garden, where it remained for many years. Sometime during the Alumnae Association era (1930s to 1960s), the sculpture was removed to the basement, supposedly following an incident in which some gentlemen guests saying at the Deanery - then an inn - decorated Endymion with a moustache, rosy cheeks, and clothing.
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- A metamorphic, hard, dense, crystalline stone primarily composed of calcium carbonate; it is limestone or dolomite that has been metamorphosed with heat and pressure. Pure calcite marble is white, but impurities produce a wide variety of coloring and patterns. It is finely grained and polishes to a smooth, high gloss. It is used primarily for statuary and buildings. Marble has been quarried from sites around the world since at least the 7th century BCE. The term can also refer more broadly to any crystallized carbonate rock, including true marble and certain types of limestone, that will take a polish and can be used for architectural and ornamental purposes.
- Sculpture designed to be placed outdoors. For contemporary outdoor works that especially exploit or incorporate aspects of their sites, use "environmental art."
- Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Marvin Chauncey Ross,
A Catalogue of the Work of William Henry Rinehart
Johns Hopkins Universit - Peabody Insitute and Walters Art Gallery.
Baltimore, MD, 1948
Page Number: 22-23
Carey Thomas of Bryn Mawr
Harper & Brothers.
New York and London, 1947
Page Number: 333