Fine and Visual Arts; Sculptures; Bronzes
This statuette depicts Pan, a mythological figure from Ancient Greece. He is nude except for an animal skin that is draped in front of his abdomen and over his arms. He also wears a cap in the design of an animal’s head, possibly a rabbit. Originally, he was playing a double flute, which is now lost. Most often Pan is depicted as half goat with furry legs, tail, and horns. Here MacMonnies relies upon the animal skin and the flute to identify the figure as the rustic nature deity whose home is in the wild with animals and nymphs. He stands on a globe supported by wreaths and upright figures of fish with curved tails. Around the bottom of the statue, letters in relief read, “TO PAN OF ROHALLION ANNO DOMINI MDCCCLXL.” On the reverse side of the globe, “Frederick MacMonnies Paris 1890” is inscribed in a cursive hand. The original Pan of Rohallion was created by American sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies (1863-1937) in 1888 for the Rohallion Estate in New Jersey. The Pan statue was one of MacMonnies’ earlier commissions, yet many reproductions of it exist. The replica at Bryn Mawr was acquired by M. Carey Thomas, the first dean and second president of the college, and it adorned the Dorothy Vernon room in the Deanery.
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- Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
- Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
The Deanery Remembered
Bryn Mawr College
, 5/1/1985 - 5/29/1985