Furnishings and Furniture; Furniture; Table
Small hexagonal table (tabouret) with inlaid wavy-band design on legs with curvilinear arches in between.
The curved arches and inlaid design can be attributed to the increasing influence of Indian aesthetics. American art inspired by Indian designs increased over the course of the late-18th and early 19th centuries. Since the early 1600s, one can trace the history of British trade with India. In 1757, however, the British East India Company effectively controlled India after the Battle of Plassey; after the Indian Rebellion in 1857, the British government began direct rule over India in 1858. The visibility of Indian art and design to American audiences increased alongside British control over the peninsula through the display and distribution of Indian works, such as in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. The Deanery at Bryn Mawr College prominently featured Indian art as it was largely decorated by the American artist, Lockwood de Forest (1850-1932), who is best known for his role in the introduction of Indian art to America and Britain.
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- The technique in which small pieces of specially shaped wood, or sometimes other materials such as ivory, are incorporated into a suface of decorative veneer. Distinguished from "inlay," where decorative pieces are set into a solid ground; in marquetry, the entire surface is veneered.
- Wood of trees belonging to the genus Quercus, of the beech family. It is a durable wood that has a distinctive coarse grain, used in cabinetry, flooring, paneling, musical instruments, ship interiors and moldings, panel painting, and sculptures.
- Refers to low seats or stools, without back or arms, often used for a child or as a footstool. It was originally in the shape of a drum, thus the name (from the diminutive of the French "tambour," for drum). In the 18th century the term was applied to any low stool with fixed upright legs, as distinct from "pliants," which had folding crossed legs. 18th-century tabourets were rectangular, not drum-shaped, with upholstered seats. For similar seats supported on six or more legs, use "banquettes (benches)."