Goli Kpwan (Mother) Mask
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Goli Kpwan (Mother) Mask19th century - 20th century
9 13/16 in. x 6 1/8 in. x 5 1/8 in. (25 cm x 15.5 cm x 13 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- Baule - The style and culture of the Akan-speaking peoples traditionally living in the savanna region between the Bandama and N’zi rivers in central Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa. Since 1940, there has been significant migration of the Baule to the southern, forested part of the country in search of land more productive for coffee and cocoa planting. Baule art is considered a separate and distinct style, although specific categories of Baule art are historically and stylistically close to the art forms of their neighbors. The style and culture of the Akan-speaking peoples traditionally living in the savanna region between the Bandama and N’zi rivers in central Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa. Since 1940, there has been significant migration of the Baule to the southern, forested part of the country in search of land more productive for coffee and cocoa planting. Baule art is considered a separate and distinct style, although specific categories of Baule art are historically and stylistically close to the art forms of their neighbors.
- carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Ivorian - Style and culture of the Ivory Coast.
- masks - Refers to coverings for all or part of the face, usually with openings for the eyes and sometimes the mouth. They are worn to hide or alter the identity of the wearer or for protection. Masks as cultural objects have been used throughout the world in all periods since the Stone Age. Masks are extremely varied in appearance, function, and fundamental meaning. They may be associated with ceremonies that have religious and social significance or are concerned with funerary customs, fertility rites, or curing sickness. They may be used on festive occasions or to portray characters in a dramatic performance and in re-enactments of mythological events. They may be used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports. They are also employed as architectural ornaments.
- West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 12/17/1997
Owner Name: Ralph C. Altman; Altman Galleries
Place: Los Angeles, California, US
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Important Tribal Art
New York, NY, 1989
Figure Number: 68
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0060984.
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- "ÌMỌ̀ DÁRA." (Accessed May 10, 2020): Imodara.com. https://www.imodara.com/discover/ivory-coast-baule-goli-entertainment-mask-kpwan-mother/.
- Jean- Baptiste Bacquart, The Tribal Arts of Africa (New York, NY: Thames & Hudson, 1998), 48-49.
- Monica Blackmun Visona and Robin Poynor. A History of Art in Africa (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., 2001), 218-220.
- Susan Mullin Vogel, Baule: African Art Western Eyes (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1997), 171, 173, 175, 178, 182, 184-186.
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