- Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
- Style and culture of the group of more or less closely related Bantu-speaking peoples occupying the adjoining areas of Zaïre, Angola (including the enclave of Cabinda) and the Republic of the Congo. The Kongo area stretches from both sides of the mouth of the Zaïre River on the Atlantic coast, north to Pool Malebo (formerly Stanleypool) and south into Angola. The main peoples of the group include the Kakongo, Vili, Yombe, Nkanu, Woyo and Boma. Especially famous for their power figures (often referred to as ‘fetishes’), the Kongo peoples have produced a wide range of arts, including stone and ceramic funerary sculptures, masks, regalia in wood, metal and ivory, and figurative pot-lids. Examples of Kongo art are held by most museums with African collections.
- Refers to coverings for all or part of the face, usually with openings for the eyes and sometimes the mouth. They are worn to hide or alter the identity of the wearer or for protection. Masks as cultural objects have been used throughout the world in all periods since the Stone Age. Masks are extremely varied in appearance, function, and fundamental meaning. They may be associated with ceremonies that have religious and social significance or are concerned with funerary customs, fertility rites, or curing sickness. They may be used on festive occasions or to portray characters in a dramatic performance and in re-enactments of mythological events. They may be used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports. They are also employed as architectural ornaments.
- Restoring to a whole by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken, or otherwise restoring to sound condition.
- The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
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This object was included in the following exhibitions:
A Curious Group; a cabinet of curiosities
Bryn Mawr College
, 4/4/2014 - 6/30/2014
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 12/17/1997
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
and Nathanael Roesch.
A Curious Group.
Bryn Mawr College.
Bryn Mawr, PA, April 4–June 1, 2014
Figure Number: Wood 3
"African Heritage Document and Research Center."
(Accessed June 11, 2020):
Record No.: 0179576.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
"Sotheby's: Online Auctions."
(Accessed April 21, 2020):
ARTS D'AFRIQUE ET D'OCÉANIE 18 JUNE 2013 | 4:00 PM CEST PARIS; Lot 104.
"Artkhade: The Auctions Database of Ancient Arts from Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas."
(Accessed April 23, 2020):
Record No.: MMX-137121.