- Refers to the style and period named for the culture of the island of Borneo. The style is noted for its decorative arts, featuring detailed, elaborate body tattoo designs, gilded bangles and medallions showing intricate iconography, beadwork, and armbands adorned with locks of hair or animal tusks and claws, and for its stoneware, featuring brown-glaze jars.
- The act of shaping, marking, or decorating wood, stone, or another material by cutting or incising, typically using tools such as chisels and other blades. It refers to this process as it is applied to small-scale objects or to objects that are not considered art. "Carving" may also be considered a sculpture technique that is employed in the creation of art.
- Three-dimensional works that represent humans, animals, or mythical beasts at less than half life-size. While the term may be used interchangeably with "statuette" in certain situations, it differs in that a statuette is always free-standing while a figurine may be part of a larger work, such as a decorative detail on a candelabra or mirror.
- Refers to the cultures and styles of Indonesia, reflecting the blend of various regional cultures from the Southeast Asian mainland and Oceania. The style is generally driven by the philosophies of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. Sculptural production in the region generally features megalithic monuments such as menhirs, dolmens, stone sarcophagi, terraced burial mounds, large stones carved into the shape of animals and humans, and stone skull troughs. Early styles of sculpture in the region feature smooth planes, convexity, impassive expressions, and lack of movement. Ornamental works from this region imitate Chinese Chou and pre-Han works and feature bronze drums with molded flanges and relief ornamentation consisting of stylized masks with ear piercings. Indian-influenced works feature intricate bronze Buddhas and bodhisattvas. In architecture, the style features temple complexes known as tjandis and candis.
- Describes the culture and style of the inhabitants of the Melanesian Islands. Melanesians are well known for creating sculptures utilizing a vast range of media, their traditional communal architecture, and body arts.
- Cultures and styles of various regions in Oceania, comprising islands scattered throughout the Pacific Ocean (generally excluding Japan, Indonesia, and the Philippines), but including Australia.
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