Janus-faced Egungun (Masquerade) Headdress20th century
Carved and incised wood
7 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in. (19.05 cm x 26.67 cm x 26.67 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 99.5.89
Other Number(s): 84-4 (Neufeld Collection Number)
Geography: Africa, Nigeria
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Masks
Culture/Nationality: Yoruba, Nigerian, West African, African
Collection: Neufeld Collection
This object has the following keywords:
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Janus-faced - Used for objects, typically masks or figures, with two faces positioned front-to-back or side-to-side.
- masks - Refers to coverings for all or part of the face, usually with openings for the eyes and sometimes the mouth. They are worn to hide or alter the identity of the wearer or for protection. Masks as cultural objects have been used throughout the world in all periods since the Stone Age. Masks are extremely varied in appearance, function, and fundamental meaning. They may be associated with ceremonies that have religious and social significance or are concerned with funerary customs, fertility rites, or curing sickness. They may be used on festive occasions or to portray characters in a dramatic performance and in re-enactments of mythological events. They may be used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports. They are also employed as architectural ornaments.
- ritual objects - Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 07/18/1991
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0182439.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0160769.
- "Hamill Gallery of Tribal Art Website." (Accessed April 1, 2020): https://www.hamillgallery.com/index.html. https://www.hamillgallery.com/YORUBA/YorubaEgungunMasks2/YorubaEgungun65.html.
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Eckart Von Sydow, "The Image of Janus in African Sculpture." African Arts 5, no. 1 (January 1932): 14-27, Figure Number: IIIa.
- "The Collection." The Art Institute of Chicago Online Collections Database. (Accessed April 9, 2020): Art Institute Chicago, https://www.artic.edu/collection. https://www.artic.edu/artworks/51194/mask-for-egungun-ere-egungun.
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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