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Egbukele (Water Spirit) Headdress

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Image of Egbukele (Water Spirit) Headdress

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Bookmark: http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/146035



unknown Abua
Abua Primary



Egbukele (Water Spirit) Headdress

First half 20th century
Carved wood, paint, plaster (?), glue, nails, and twine or cord

63.78 in. (162 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 99.5.122
Other Number(s): 134 (Neufeld Collection Number)
162 (Christie's Number)
Geography: Africa, Nigeria
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Masks
Culture/Nationality: Abuan, Ibibio, Ijo, Nigerian, West African, African
Collection: Neufeld Collection

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Abua
  • African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Ibibio
  • Ijo
  • mascarons - Motifs representing grotesque or otherwise caricatured faces of humans or animals, usually viewed frontally; found in various architectural and decorative arts contexts.
  • Nigerian
  • sacred objects - Broadly, ceremonial objects that retain their sacredness in their present context. Sometimes defined more narrowly as only those needed by a present-day culture to practice their religion. For objects that are used primarily for a religious ceremony or function, but are not necessarily in themselves considered sacred, use "religious objects."
  • West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
  • wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
Additional Image 99.5.122_BMC_pl.jpg
99.5.122_BMC_pl.jpg
Additional Image 99.5.122_BMC_pr.jpg
99.5.122_BMC_pr.jpg

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Afrikanische Kunst/African Art, An Exhibition of the Stadtsparkasse Stadtsparkasse , Mar 1, 1977 – Mar 31, 1977

  • Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
    Role: Donor
    Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
    Ownership End Date: 12/07/1996


  • Owner Name: Christie's "The Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler Collection of African Art" for Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler
    Role: Seller
    Place: New York, New York
    Ownership End Date: 11/13/1985
    Remarks: Christie's, New York, "The Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler Collection of African Art", 13 November 1985. Lot 162. Bought by?, $ 1,320


  • Owner Name: Galerie Wolfgang Ketterer for Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler
    Role: Auction House
    Place: Munich, Germany
    Ownership End Date: 4/30/1983
    Remarks: Galerie Wolfgang Ketterer, Munich, 30 April 1983. Lot 106,


  • Owner Name: Galerie Wolfgang Ketterer for Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler
    Role: Auction House
    Place: Munich, Germany
    Ownership End Date: 11/8/1980


  • Owner Name: Karl Ferdinand Schaedler
    Role: Collector
    Place: New York, New York
    Acquisition Method: Purchased in Cameroon
    Disposal Method: Sold at Auction
    Ownership Start Date: 1973
    Ownership End Date: 11/13/1985


Bibliography List
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
  • "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0095937.
  • Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler, Afrikanische Kunst/African Art, An Exhibition of the Stadtsparkasse Stadtsparkasse. Kempten, Germany, 1977
    Page Number: 82, Figure Number: 96
  • Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler, Encyclopedia of African Art and Culture Panterra. Munich, Germany, 2009
    Page Number: 11
  • The Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler Collection of African Art Christie's. New York, 1985
    Page Number: 64, Figure Number: Lot 162
  • Karl-Ferdinand Schaedler, Afrikanische Kunst: Stilformen und Kultgegenstande von mehr als 100 Stammen Wilhelm Heyne Verlag. Munich, 1980
    Page Number: 150, Figure Number: Abb.29

Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
  • "Google Arts & Culture." (Accessed May 14, 2020): https://artsandculture.google.com/. https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/water-spirit-headdress-ijo-abua-or-ekpeye-artist-nigeria/cwEWhApQY-ITjQ.
  • "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 009596.

Related Bibliography List
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
  • "Google Arts & Culture." (Accessed May 14, 2020): https://artsandculture.google.com/. https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/water-spirit-headdress-ijo-abua-or-ekpeye-artist-nigeria/cwEWhApQY-ITjQ.
  • "Art and Life in Africa: Peoples." (Accessed May 11, 2020): https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/peoples/. https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/peoples/show/Ijo.
  • Ekpo Eyo, "Abua Masquerades." African Arts 7, no. 2 (Winter, 1974): 52-55.
  • Eli Bentor, "Spatial Continuities: Masks and Cultural Interactions between the Delta and Southeastern Nigeria." African Arts 35, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 26-41, 93.
  • Herbert M. Cole and Chike C. Aniakor. Igbo Arts : Community and Cosmos (Los Angeles, CA: Museum of Cultural History, University of California, 1984), 210-212.

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios:

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/146035 |title=Egbukele (Water Spirit) Headdress |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=9/26/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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