Venavi (Twin Figure)Last Quarter 19th century
Carved wood, metal, beads, and string
8 x 2 in. (20.32 x 5.08 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 99.5.123
Other Number(s): 99.5.93 (Incorrect Accession No.)
82-15 A (Neufeld Collection Number)
Geography: Africa, Togo, Mono River
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Ritual Objects
Culture/Nationality: Adja, Togo, West African, African
Collection: Neufeld Collection
Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keywordThis object has the following keywords:
Adja, African*, beads*, carving*, female*, necklaces*, ritual objects*, Togolese*, twins*, West African*, wood*
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- beads - Refers to small objects, of any shape or material, pierced so that they may be strung or hung or attached, as by sewing.
- carving - The act of shaping, marking, or decorating wood, stone, or another material by cutting or incising, typically using tools such as chisels and other blades. It refers to this process as it is applied to small-scale objects or to objects that are not considered art. "Carving" may also be considered a sculpture technique that is employed in the creation of art.
- female - Referring to the sex that normally produces eggs or female germ cells.
- necklaces - Ornaments worn around the neck, usually in the form of chains or strands of beads, pearls, stones, or decorative or precious materials, and often including a suspended ornamental pendant. Use "chokers" for short, narrow necklaces worn close to the throat. Use "dog collars (necklaces)" for wide ornamental bands worn tightly around the neck.
- ritual objects - Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- Togolese - Nationality, style, or culture of the West African state of Togo (formerly Togoland).
- twins - Two siblings conceived, carried in the womb, and usually born at the same time. They may be identical, as when one fertilized egg splits, or fraternal, as when two eggs are individually fertilized.
- West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
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Exhibition ListThis object was included in the following exhibitions:
- African and Pacific Art from the Neufeld Collection Bryn Mawr College , Apr 28, 1993 – Jun 1, 1993
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 07/18/1991
Bibliography ListThe following Bibliography exist for this object:
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0175872.
Comparanda ListThe following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Tribal Sylvain Collection (Private Collection, Accessed July 30, 2020),
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0130076.
- Christian Merlo, "Ibeji, Hohovi, Venavi." Arts D'Afrique Noir 22 (1977): 26, Figure Number: 23.
Related Bibliography ListThe following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Henricus Simonis and Jörg Schanze. Ewe Twin Figures (Cologne, Germany: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2008), 9-14.
- Christian Merlo, "Ibeji, Hohovi, Venavi." Arts D'Afrique Noir 22 (1977): 16-31.
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Venavi (Twin Figure)
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