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Egungun (Masquerade) Headdress

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unknown Yoruba
Yoruba Primary

Egungun (Masquerade) Headdress

19th century - 20th century
Carved and incised wood with raffia

11 9/16 in. x 11 in. x 8 1/4 in. (29.3 cm x 28 cm x 21 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2003.27.2
Other Number(s): King Collection TN-4 (Temporary Number)
Geography: Africa, Nigeria
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Masks
Culture/Nationality: Yoruba, Nigerian, West African, African
Collection: King Collection

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • animals
  • carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
  • headdresses - Elaborate coverings or objects for the head, especially those worn for ceremonial or ornamental purposes.
  • masquerades - Gatherings of people wearing masks, disguises, or costumes, often of an elaborate or fantastic nature; activities often include dancing. In Western cultures they tend to be simply recreational, while in others, notably African, they are important ceremonies.
  • Nigerian
  • West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
  • wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
  • Yoruba

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version

  • Owner Name: Bruce and Adele King, in memory of Nicole M. King, Class of 1986
    Role: Donor
    Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
    Acquisition Method: Purchased in Ibadan, Nigeria from house to house traders
    Ownership Start Date: 1962-1964
    Ownership End Date: June 6, 2003
    Remarks: There is a department of antiquities export permit from Nigeria on the mask which appears to be dated 7/5/64.

Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
  • "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): Record No.: 0164208.

Related Bibliography List
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
  • "ÌMỌ̀ DÁRA." (Accessed May 10, 2020):
  • "Art Institute Chicago: Online Collections." (Accessed August 4, 2020): Accession No.: 1999.381.

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios:

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Egungun (Masquerade) Headdress |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=11/30/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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