Huari Textile Fragment with the Hombre de los Báculos (Staff God) and Winged Attendant FigureMiddle Horizon
600 - 1000
Camelid and cotton fibers
5 3/8 x 3 1/2 x 1/16 in. (13.7 x 8.9 x 0.2 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2007.1.18
Geography: South America, Peru, Andes (North Coast)
Classification: Clothing and Adornments; Clothing
Collection: Ann L. Pfeiffer-Murphy Collection
This object has the following keywords:
Animalia*, Aves*, geometric patterns, Huari*, interlocked tapestry*, Middle Horizon*, Peruvian*, selvage*, staff gods*, textiles*
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- Aves - The class of vertebrate animals that are typically bipedal and warm-blooded, lay large-yolked hardshelled eggs, often arboreal, and possessing feathers, hollow bones, forelimbs adapted for flight (although some have lost the ability to fly) and hindlimbs for perching and locomotion, a four-chambered heart, keen vision, a horny beak without teeth, and a large muscular stomach. Birds arose from theropod dinosaurs, which were an order of carnivorous dinosaurs.
- geometric patterns
- Huari - Andean style and culture of the central and northern highlands of the Middle Horizon (ca. 600-1000 CE); named after an archaeological site located in the central highland region of present-day Peru. The style is related to that of monuments at the great site of Tiwanaku, located on Lake Titicaca in northwestern Bolivia. Wari was probably the centre of a militaristic empire that dominated much of the Peruvian highlands and coast during the earlier part of the Middle Horizon. Its influences are seen especially in the Late Nazca (Ica) culture of the southern coast and at Pachacamac on the central coast. The most distinctive decorative motif on Huari pottery is the Doorway God, a stylized, anthropomorphic figure often represented in front view with a rectangular face and rayed headdress. This motif is also found at Tiwanaku. Wari architecture features large enclosures constructed of stone masonry. Monumental temple sculpture is naturalistic and depicts both male and female figures with elaborate hairstyles. "Wari" and "Huari" are often used interchangeably but usage of "Wari" has become more common in museum collections.
- interlocked tapestry - Tapestry weaving technique in which the weft threads of two adjacent areas are linked together either around a common end, or more normally between adjacent ends in either a single or double lock.
- Middle Horizon - The fifth of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating 600-1000 CE.
- Peruvian - Of or belonging to the nation of Peru or its people.
- selvage - The longitudinal edge of a piece of textile closed by weft loops, often distinguished by warp ends differing from those in the body of the textile and sometimes by a change in the binding.
- staff gods - Long pieces of wood carved on the upper end with a human figure with a large phallus and a central section wrapped with bark cloth or containing several carved horizontal figures. They often vary in size, ranging between 0.76 meters and 5.5 meters in length. The images on the staff gods emphasize the notion of male procreation power.
- textiles - General term for carpets, fabrics, costume, or other works made of textile materials, which are natural or synthetic fibers created by weaving, felting, knotting, twining, or otherwise processing. For works of art or high craft that employ textile as a medium, prefer "textile art (visual works)."
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- "Museo Larco Online Catalogue." (Accessed June 3, 2020): Museolarco.org. Accession No.: ML600144.
- "The Met Online Collections Database." The Met Collection. (Accessed April 9, 2020): The Metropolitan Museum of Art, https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/. Accession No.: 1994.35.108ab.
- "The Brooklyn Museum Online Collection." The Brooklyn Museum Online Collections Database. (Accessed April 9, 2020): Brooklyn Museum, https://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/collections. Accession No.: 43.68.
- "Archivo Digital de Arte Peruano." (Accessed November 18, 2019): archi.pe. archi.pe/obra/51986.
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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