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Adobe Fragment

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Ancestral Puebloan

Adobe Fragment

Pueblo II
900-1060 A.D.

1 1/4 x 1 11/16 x 1 1/2 in. (3.2 x 4.3 x 3.8 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 64.20.74
Geography: North and Central America, United States, Arizona
Classification: Unclassifiable Artifacts; Artifact Remnants; Sherds
Culture/Nationality: Ancestral Puebloan, Native American, North American

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  • adobe - Handmade, sun-dried brick typically made from wet mud and straw, sometimes also containing sand, clay, dung, grass, chaff, or blood. It is porous, wettable, susceptible to wet-dry cycle degradation, but good heat insulation. Adobe walls are typically built using mud mortar between the brick layers followed with a mud stucco finish layer. It was used as early as 7000 BCE for houses, buildings, and pyramids, particularly in arid climates such as Mesopotamia, Persia, Palestine, India, China, and the pre-Columbian Americas. For sun-dried brick that may or may contain the binders of adobe, use the more general "sun-dried brick."
  • Ancestral Puebloan - Refers to the style and culture of a North American civilization that existed in the "Four Corners" area, where the boundaries of the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah intersect. The culture flourished from the first century CE to around 1300 CE, and descendants of this cultural group probably include the modern Pueblo Indians now living in New Mexico and Arizona. The style is noted for fine baskets, pottery, cloth, ornaments, tools, and great architectural achievements, including cliff dwellings and apartment-house-like villages, or pueblos. In some classification schemes, the modern Pueblo cultures are considered later phases of this people, though most schemes end this culture with the abandonment of the cliff dwellings around 1300 CE.
  • Native American - Typically reserved to refer narrowly to the cultures of the native peoples of the United States and Canada, excluding the Eskimos and Aleuts. For the indigenous peoples of Canada use the term "First Nations." For the broader concept of the cultures of any native peoples of Central America, South America, North America, or the West Indies who are considered to belong to the Mongoloid division of the human species, use "Amerindian (culture)."

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Additional Image 64.20.74_BMC_cc_2.jpg
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Additional Image 64.20.74_BMC_f_2.jpg

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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Adobe Fragment |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=10/4/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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