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Carved slate

11 in. x 3 9/16 in. x 1/4 in. (27.94 cm x 9.05 cm x 0.64 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 70.E1.78
Other Number(s): 24253 (The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Number)
Geography: North and Central America, Canada, British Columbia, Queen Charlotte Islands
Classification: Clothing and Adornments; Personal Gear; Smoking & Recreational Drug Equipment
Culture/Nationality: Haida
Collection: William S. Vaux Collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Description: Haida craftsmen are famous for their carvings of local, black argillaceous slate, which often portray mythological events or stylized supernatural animals. This pipe was probably created for trade and not for ritual. The uppermost figure probably represents Raven, with downturned beak and wings. Raven rests above a human figure with a protruding tongue, an organ that the Haida believe to be a source of spiritual force and a vehicle for the transfer of life power from one being to another. Below the human, Raven is again shown with beak and wings turned down.

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
  • North American - Refers to the cultures of the continent of North America, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Circle, and Central America. In classifications schemes based on physical geography, Central America, and North America are parts of the same continent.
  • Northwest Coast Native American styles - Styles belonging to Northwest Coast Native American cultures.
  • pipes - Devices consisting of a tube with a bowl at one end and a mouthpiece at the other; used for smoking tobacco, opium, and other substances.
  • slate - A very fine-grained, foliated, non-layered metamorphic rock, generally produced by metamorphism of shale under relatively low pressure and temperature. It occurs in many varieties, including clay, hornblende, mica, talc slate, and others, all of which have the common property of splitting readily into thin plates.
  • stone - General term for rock that has been cut, shaped, crushed, or otherwise formed for use in construction or other purposes. Includes the specific archaeological and anthropological sense of individual stones which may be decorated or ornamented and which may be used in ritual contexts. These are usually not carved or dressed, and so differ from sculptures made from stone.

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Additional Image 70.E1.78_BMC_f.jpg

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Worlds to Discover: 125 Years of Collections at Bryn Mawr College Bryn Mawr College , Sep 24, 2010 – May 28, 2011
  • Silver: Reflecting the Ages Bryn Mawr College , Sep 27, 2002 – Dec 27, 2002

Bibliography List
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
  • Marianne Hansen and Emily Croll. Worlds to Discover. Bryn Mawr College. Bryn Mawr, PA, 2010
    Page Number: 34

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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Pipe |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=3/26/2023 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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