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Phrygian or Lydian Terracotta Architectural Fragment from Raking Sima

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Phrygian or Lydian Terracotta Architectural Fragment from Raking Sima

Phrygian or Lydian
End of 6th century BCE

3 7/16 in. x 3 15/16 in. x 13/16 in. (8.8 cm x 10 cm x 2 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: T.343
Other Number(s): A1 (Donor Number)
54.40.123 (Penn Museum Accession No.)
Geography: Asia, Turkey, Anatolia, Gordium (Gordion)
Classification: Architectural Artifacts; Architectural Elements
Culture/Nationality: Phrygian or Lydian
Collection: Lucy Shoe Meritt Collection
Findspot: According to Lucy Shoe Meritt: "From the site of Gordion given to Dr. Meritt by excavator R.S. Young in the 1950's." (Rodney S. Young, Director of excavation at Gordion.)

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Anatolian - Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
  • architectural elements - Forms, structural or decorative, developed originally or primarily as components of architecture, often adapted to other habitable spaces, such as in large vehicles, and often borrowed or imitated for structural or decorative use on other objects.
  • Lydian - Refers to the period during the 7th century and early 6th century BCE when the independent kingdom of Lydia ruled western Aanatolia from its capital Sardis. The art of the period is characterized by East Greek influences mixed with Anatolian traditions seen particularly in objects in graves.
  • molding - Giving form to something by use of a mold; usually refers to pressing a material into the mold, as distinct from pouring liquid material into the mold, for which prefer "casting."
  • painting - The application of paint to a surface primarily for protection or to apply a general color. For the application of pigments to a surface to create an expressive or communicative image, use "painting (image-making)."
  • Phrygian - Refers to the period in the 8th century BCE during which the Phrygian kingdom flourished in western Anatolia particularly under the rule of king Midas. The art of the period is characterized by a mixture of local traditions and Neo-Hittite inspiration from eastern Anatolia and is known for its monumentality.
  • terracotta - A baked or semi-fired material that is usually a mixture of clay, grog, and water; it has been used for pottery, statuettes, lamps, roof tiles, and cornices since ancient times. It may be glazed prior to firing. To produce an item, terracotta is molded or shaped, dried for several days then fired to at least 600 C. It is fireproof, lighter in weight than stone, and usually brownish red in color.

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
Additional Image T.343_BMC_f_2.jpg

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Fragmentary Excess: Text, Body, Receptacle Bryn Mawr College , Nov 3, 2017 – Dec 1, 2017
  • Bright Lights, Big City: The Development and Influence of the Metropolis Bryn Mawr College , Sep 13, 2015 – Dec 1, 2015
  • Breaking Ground, Breaking Tradition: Bryn Mawr and the First Generation of Women Archaeologists Bryn Mawr College , Sep 19, 2007 – Dec 19, 2007
  • The Private Collection of Lucy Shoe Merrit Bryn Mawr College , Nov 15, 2004 – Jan 15, 2005

Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
  • Matt Glendinning, The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2005), p.90-97. Figure Number: 7-6a and 7-6b; 7-9

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Phrygian or Lydian Terracotta Architectural Fragment from Raking Sima |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=6/5/2023 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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