Arretine Terra Sigillata Plate Base Fragment
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Roman (active 20 BC - 40 CE) Primary
Arretine Terra Sigillata Plate Base FragmentClaudian
ca. 50 CE
3 11/16 x 3 5/8 x 5/8 in. (9.4 x 9.2 x 1.6 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- graffiti art - A broad genre of visual communication placed on surfaces, usually in urban environments; term reserved for works that are considered art or artistic, rather than casual notations or scribbles, which are called "graffiti." Examples of graffiti art include works expressed in a signature form, in either a stylized monogram or as large colorful murals. Examples may include works that are not in graphic media or are not created directly on the surface, but created and then applied to the surface. Graffiti art has occasionally been created as paintings on moveable supports. Contemporary graffiti art emerged in the mid-1970s in New York City, rendered in spray paint on subway train cars and walls. Originally graffiti art was illegal, applied to unauthorized public space or property by individuals or groups, though now it may also appear as commissioned work.
- plates - Shallow, usually circular dishes from which food is eaten.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- stamping - Marking the surface of an object by applying pressure with a tool, for example, transferring an ink mark to paper or embossing soft clay; also, applying preprinted labels such as postage stamps that substitute for official stamped marks. In bookbinding, distinguished from "blocking", in which pressure is applied by a machine.
- Terra sigillata - Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
- maximum length Dimensions: 3 11/16 x 3 5/8 x 5/8 in. (9.366 x 9.208 x 1.588 cm)
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