South Gaulish Terra Sigillata Beaker Body SherdFlavian-Trajanic
69 CE - 117 CE
2 11/16 in. x 2 7/16 in. x 3/16 in. (6.8 cm x 6.2 cm x 0.4 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- barbotine - Refers to earthenware decorated in a freehand manner with raised clay slip designs. The slip may be applied through slip trailing or piping. The technique was first employed on Rhenish pottery prior to the 3rd century BCE, replacing molded decoration. The slip was applied by piping to decorate the edges of flat dishes with small flowers and other designs. The technique was again used in the mid- and late 1800s, but it was not popular because firing difficulties caused the slip to flake off easily.
- beakers - Refers to many varieties of relatively large drinking vessels without handles, cylindrical or conical in shape, with a flat base in the form of an open cup or goblet. Specifically, in archaeology refers to the tall wide-mouthed vessels produced by the Bell Beaker culture and found in certain early Bronze Age graves.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Terra sigillata - Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
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