- Refers to the styles and culture that developed in antiquity in the Nile Valley in the area of modern-day Egypt and southwards. For the cultures and styles of the modern nation of Egypt, use "Egypt (modern)."
- Styles and cultures of the African peoples living in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania.
- Small ancient Egyptian figures of stone, wood, or clay that were placed in tombs, often in large numbers, for the purpose of serving the deceased in the afterlife. The term is derived from ancient Egyptian and is usually translated as "answerer." During the New Kingdom (1539-1075 BCE) the figures were made to resemble the tomb owner by being fashioned in the form of a mummy bearing the owner's name.
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