Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup)
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Attributed to the
Greek (active 475 BCE - 450 BCE) Primary
Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup)Early Classical
470 BCE - 450 BCE
3 15/16 in. x 9 7/16 in. (diameter of the rim) (10 cm x 24 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.2158
Geography: Europe, Greece
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Kylikes
Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keywordThis object has the following keywords:
Attic*, cups*, himations*, inscriptions*, kalos inscriptions*, kylikes*, kylikes type B*, Red-figure*, Satyrs and Maenads*, staffs*, tondi*, vase paintings*
- Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
- cups - Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
- himations - Wool mantles worn by women and men in ancient Greece.
- inscriptions - Words, texts, lettering, or symbols marked on a work, including texts, legends, documentation notes, or commemoration. For standardized symbols or notations on objects that convey official information, use "marks (symbols)."
- kalos inscriptions - Ancient Greek vase inscriptions that take the form of "so-and-so [is] kalos," kalos meaning handsome or beautiful, with an erotic connotation. Some such inscriptions are found on walls as well. The inscriptions are thought to indicate male homosexual love or a cult of celebrity, associated with pederastic courtships that were customary in ancient Greece; they probably reflect the emotions of the patron of the vessel rather than those of the vase painter. The names are usually those of teenage artistocratic Athenians. Those that can be associated with known historical figures have played a significant role in establishing the chronology of Attic vase painting, for they were presumably written when the named person was young. Kale inscriptions for women also exist but they are outnumbered by kalos inscriptions more than twenty to one; the women who are praised in these inscriptions were probably courtesans. The majority of kalos inscriptions are on vases produced between 550 and 450 BCE.
- kylikes - Ancient Greek drinking vessels in the form of a broad, shallow bowl set on a high foot or pedestal with two upcurving handles.
- kylikes type B - A type of kylix characterized by one continuous curve from lip to foot and a broad and relatively shallow bowl. It was the most common red-figured cup, supplanting eye cups by about 500 BCE.
- Red-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
- Satyrs and Maenads - Maenads are human female followers of Dionysus (sometimes called Nymphai) - Note added June 2010 by M. Weldon.
- staffs - Long sticks carried in the hand for support in walking.
- tondi - Circular paintings. For circular two-dimensional motifs, use "medallions (ornament areas)"; use "roundels" for circular panels in architectural contexts.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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Exhibition ListThis object was included in the following exhibitions:
- Ancient Life on Greek Pottery Bryn Mawr College , Mar 30, 2015 – Jun 1, 2015
Owner Name: Charles Kaufman Williams II
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Purchase
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: Likely 1960
Ownership End Date: 1975
Owner Name: Hesperia Art
Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Disposal Method: Sale
Ownership End Date: Likely 1960
Bibliography ListThe following Bibliography exist for this object:
J. D. Beazley,
Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters
Oxford, United Kingdom, 1963
Page Number: 861.20
- George Allen, "." Hesperia Art Bulletin 11, no. 193 (1960):
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. Record No.: 211344.
Comparanda ListThe following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Susanne Pfisterer-Haas, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Deutschland, Fascicule 80 (Munich, Germany: C. H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 2006), 102-103. Figure Number: 12.1. Plate (4133) 62.1-2
- Fritz Eichler, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Österreich, Fascicule 1 (Vienna, Austria: Anton Schroll & Co. , 1951), 21-22. Figure Number: 2. Plate (22) 22.5
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. 211345.
- David Moore Robinson and Sarah Elizabeth Freeman. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, United States, Fascicule 6 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1937), 20-21. Figure Number: Plate (264) 21.1A-B
- Levi di Dora, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Italia, Fascicule 8 (Milan, Italy: Bestetti e Tumminelli, 1931), III.I.19, III.I.20. Figure Number: Plates (391, 292) 16.42, 17.47
- Nereo Alfieri, Spina (Bologna, Italy: Calderini , 1979), 10. Figure Number: 28
Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolioThis object is a member of the following portfolios:
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