- Refers to the period and culture associated with the transitional phase between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. It is characterized by the hammering, melting, and casting of copper for ornaments and tools, and is distinguished from Bronze Age technologies in that the copper was typically not or only seldomly combined with tin or other metal in an alloy, and stone tools were used at the same time as metal ones. Chalcolithic cultures developed at different times in different parts of the world, ranging from early sporadic use of copper around 7,000 BCE in the Near East to established use by around 1,900 BCE in Britain.
- Refers to the culture of the island of Cyprus, particularly during the Bronze Age from about 2300 to 1050 BCE.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/157238 |title=Chalcolithic Cypriote Body Sherd of Red-On-White Ware |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=11/28/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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