Attic Red-Figure Squat Lekythos (Oil Bottle) with Hermes
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White-Line Class of Squat Lekythoi
Greek (active ca 450 BCE - 420 BCE) Primary
Attic Red-Figure Squat Lekythos (Oil Bottle) with HermesClassical
Third quarter of 5th century BCE
3 7/8 in. x 2 1/2 in. (diameter) (9.9 cm x 6.4 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.99
Geography: Europe, Greece
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Lekythoi
This object has the following keywords:
Attic*, Classical*, headgear*, Hermes, lekythoi*, petasuses*, Red-figure*, squat lekythoi*, vase paintings*
- Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
- Classical - Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
- headgear - Any covering for the head.
- lekythoi - Ancient Greek one-handled, usually tall and slender narrow-necked vessels used for oil and unguents and as an offering for the dead. The form resembles the aryballos in that it has a narrow neck and a single handle, but the lekythos is generally a taller vessel with a small, deep mouth. The Greek word lekythos was undoubtedly used for the various forms called "lekythos" today, although it also appears that the term was used for oil vessels in general in Ancient times.
- petasuses - Wide-brimmed, low-crowned sun hats thought to be Thessalian origin, worn by ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans; considered traveling hats. The style was revived during the early Medieval period. These hats are believed to have been made of wool felt, leather, or straw, with a floppy brim. The god Hermes/Mercury was originally portrayed with wide-brimmed traveling hats; when his depictions were changed to winged hats, these were also often called "petasuses" even if they were close-fitting caps.
- Red-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
- squat lekythoi - A form of broad-footed lekythoi common in red-figure painting, featuring a broad body and curving shoulders, lacking the sharp shoulder of the cylindrical type. It begins to be made late in the fifth century BCE.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
- Ancient Greek Vessels: Pattern and Image Trout Gallery, Dickinson College , May 22, 2015 – Sep 26, 2015
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
J. D. Beazley,
Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters
Oxford, United Kingdom, 1963
Page Number: 1009, Figure Number: 6
Ancient Greek Vessels: Pattern and Image
The Trout Gallery, Dickinson College.
Carlisle, PA, 2015
Page Number: 3, 11
Ann Harnwell Ashmead
and Kyle M. Phillips.
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, United States, Fascicule 13.
Princeton University Press.
Princeton, NJ, 1971
Page Number: 54, Figure Number: Plate 39, 1-2
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