Group of Bryn Mawr P 123
Greek (active ca. 360 BCE - ca. 330 BCE) Primary
Greek (active ca. 360 BCE - ca. 330 BCE) Secondary
Campanian Red-Figure Hydria/Kalpis (Water Jar) with Woman and ErosClassical
ca. 360 BCE - 330 BCE
16 11/16 in. x 10 in. x 8 1/2 in. (42.39 cm x 25.4 cm x 21.59 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.123
Geography: Europe, Italy, Campania
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Hydriae
This object has the following keywords:
Campanian*, Classical*, Eros, hydriae*, kalpides*, red-figure vase paintings*, South Italian*, vase paintings*
- Campanian - Refers to a pottery style created primarily in Capua and Cumae in the region of Campania, Italy, beginning in the second quarter of the 4th century BCE. It is generally characterized by rather small vases of various shapes, including a distinctive bail amphora, and decoration is typically painted in Red-figure style with women's flesh added in white. Themes are usually funerary or mythological scenes, with female heads added as subsidiary decoration below the handles of hydriai and on the necks of amphorae. Certain details are peculiar only to this style, including distinctive helmets and a particular type of cuirass.
- Classical - Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
- hydriae - Ancient Greek or Roman vessels for water with three handles: two horizontal side handles for lifting and one vertical back handle for holding and pouring. Many hydriae were also made in bronze in addition to terracotta and, unlike the metal versions of other shapes, a good number survive.
- kalpides - Refers to a type of hydria featuring a neck forming a continuous curve with the body. This shape also features a smaller mouth and narrower neck than the shoulder hydria. It was the most common form of hydria for red-figure. Although the kalpis was introduced after the invention of red-figure, there are some red-figure kapides. Many kalpides were also made in bronze in addition to terracotta and, unlike the metal versions of other shapes, a good number survive.
- red-figure vase paintings - Ancient Greek visual works comprising pottery objects having primarily black decoration on a red ground, with figures reserved in red. Details were painted on the red of the background clay, allowing overall more sophisticated works than with black-figure vase paintings. Works appeared in Athens ca. 530 BCE.
- South Italian - Ancient pottery styles of southern Italy.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
- Worlds to Discover: 125 Years of Collections at Bryn Mawr College Bryn Mawr College , Sep 24, 2010 – May 28, 2011
Owner Name: Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Inheritance
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: 1925
Ownership End Date: 1950's to 1980's
Remarks: A relative of archaeologist, Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925), Dryden presented the Ella Riegel Museum with items she inherited from his collection of Greek, Roman, and Etruscan artifacts throughout the 1950s-1980s
Owner Name: Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925)
Disposal Method: Bequest
Ownership Start Date: Likely ca. 1900
Ownership End Date: 1925
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
and Emily Croll.
Worlds to Discover.
Bryn Mawr College.
Bryn Mawr, PA, 2010
Page Number: 10
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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