- Thin, usually glossy surface coating in various contexts. In paintings, glaze is a thin film of transparent to semitransparent color added to change tonality.For textiles and paper, glaze is a highly polished finish obtained by treating the fabric or paper with starch, glue, wax, or synthetic resins, then heat-pressing. In ceramics, glaze is a thin, vitreous, opaque coating fired on the surface of a ceramic body to add color, texture, and water resistance; prefer a narrower concept "ceramics glaze," or one of its narrower terms. For thin applications of paint in watercolor, use "wash (material)."
- Refers to the ancient Greek period, culture, and art of ancient Greece that lasted from about 330 BCE to 31 BCE, when Augustus defeated Cleopatra and Mark Antony. It is characterized by an international culture that was ushered in by Alexander the Great's conquest of India, Egypt, and the Near East. In architecture and art, the style is marked by greater sophistication, complexity, and diversity than was known in earlier Greek styles. Architecture diverges from strict rules of earlier periods. Sculptors emphasized more realistic figures in a greater variety of poses than in earlier Greek art.
- Generally, all ware made of ceramic, which is any of various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing a nonmetallic mineral, such as clay, at a high temperature. In specialized usage, it typically does not include porcelain, which is a type of ceramic ware made of a refractory white clay, or "kaolin," and a feldspathic rock, that react when fired so the clay serves to hold the shape of the object and the rock fuses into a natural glass.
- Fragments of a ceramic or glass vessel from just below the rim.
- Refers broadly to the period, styles, and culture of the state centered on the city of Rome from the period from the founding of the city ca. 700 BCE through the events leading to the founding of the republic in 509 BCE, the establishment of the empire in 27 BCE, and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century CE. Ancient Rome became a powerful force and supplanted Greek and Etruscan influence on the Apennine peninsula. Its rule and influence gradually encompassed a wide area in Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and Asia Minor. Its influence was wide in scope, including sculpture, painting, architecture, engineering, language, the road system, law, and many other areas of culture. Roman art and architecture is characterized by early derivations from Greek art and architecture, but it gradually developed into a style of its own, absorbing characteristics of styles from the far flung regions under its control.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/158536 |title=Hellenistic/Roman (?) Red Glazed Rim Sherd with Raised Decoration |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=10/21/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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