- Cylinders of hard material engraved in intaglio upon the curved surface, used especially in ancient Mesopotamia to roll an identifying impression on wet clay.
- Refers to the period in Egypt from about 2925 to 2650 BCE during the First and Second Dynasties; some sources also include the Third Dynasty ending about 2575 BCE. Works of art include pottery, wall paintings, sculpture and reliefs. During this period artistic conventions were formalized effecting the pose of the human figure, the arrangement of pictorial elements in register, and in sculpture, a rigid formal depiction of the figure that preserves the quality of the stone and the shape of the block. Architecture is distinguished by the development of tomb superstructures.
- Refers to the culture that developed in the geographic area of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, from the mountains of Asia Minor to the Persian Gulf, includes part of modern Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey.
- Refers to the style and culture of the area of southern Mesopotamia known as Sumer, now in modern Iraq, from at least 3500 to about 2000 BCE.
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Owner Name: Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Inheritance
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: 1925
Ownership End Date: 1950's to 1980's
Remarks: A relative of archaeologist, Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925), Dryden presented the Ella Riegel Museum with items she inherited from his collection of Greek, Roman, and Etruscan artifacts throughout the 1950s-1980s
Owner Name: Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925)
Disposal Method: Bequest
Ownership Start Date: Likely ca. 1900
Ownership End Date: 1925
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/165560 |title=Early Dynastic Sumerian Cylinder Seal With Animal on Hind Legs and Two Stars |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=7/25/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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