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The Apollo Belvedere

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Hendrick Goltzius
Dutch (1558 - 1617) Primary

Engraved by
Herman Adolfz
Dutch Printer

The Apollo Belvedere


16 1/2 in. x 11 7/8 in. (41.91 cm x 30.16 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: X.387
Geography: Europe, Netherlands
Classification: Fine and Visual Arts; Prints; Engravings
Culture/Nationality: Dutch
Goltzius is regarded as the consummate Dutch Mannerist printer, known for his prints depicting antique sculpture, such this engraving of the Apollo Belvedere. Prior to photography, prints like this one were the primary way that people experienced ancient art. The Apollo Belvedere, a Roman sculpture that was once thought to be a copy of a Greek bronze of the 4th century BCE, was excavated in Italy by the 15th century and soon became a model for Renaissance artists striving for the ideal male form.

Goltzius was widely known for his use of bending parallel lines and curvaceous cross-hatching to model his figures. He is credited with establishing a high reputation for prints in the seventeenth century, building on the traditions of fellow masters Dürer and Lucas van Leyden.

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Classical - Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
  • Dutch - Refers to the culture of the modern nation of the Netherlands, or in general to cultures that have occupied the same area in northwestern Europe along the North Sea. It is often used to distinguish the culture of the northern historic Netherlands from "Flemish," which is the culture of the southern Netherlands or Flanders. It may also be used to refer in general to the culture of Germanic or Teutonic peoples; however, this meaning is seldom found in modern texts.
  • engravings - Prints on paper incorporating impressions of a reverse design created on a printing plate, usually copper, into which the design has been incised (engraved) using burins or gravers. Historically, "engravings" has sometimes been incorrectly used to refer to all prints, regardless of the specific technique. For prints made from designs engraved on a flat wooden block, use "wood cuts"; for prints made from a plate that is etched rather than engraved, use "etchings."

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
Additional Image X.387_BMC_f_3.jpg

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Worlds to Discover: 125 Years of Collections at Bryn Mawr College Bryn Mawr College , Sep 24, 2010 – May 28, 2011
  • Antwerp, Rome, Madrid, London via The Four Winds; The Antwerp Print Market 1550-1650 Bryn Mawr College , Mar 6, 2006 – Jun 2, 2006

Bibliography List
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
  • Marianne Hansen and Emily Croll. Worlds to Discover. Bryn Mawr College. Bryn Mawr, PA, 2010
    Page Number: 15

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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=The Apollo Belvedere |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=5/21/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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