- Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
- Refers to the period and culture associated with the transitional phase between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. It is characterized by the hammering, melting, and casting of copper for ornaments and tools, and is distinguished from Bronze Age technologies in that the copper was typically not or only seldomly combined with tin or other metal in an alloy, and stone tools were used at the same time as metal ones. Chalcolithic cultures developed at different times in different parts of the world, ranging from early sporadic use of copper around 7,000 BCE in the Near East to established use by around 1,900 BCE in Britain.
Early Bronze Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of Bronze Age cultures, which developed differently in different regions, either from Chalcolithic or Neolithic technologies. It differs from the Middle and Late Bronze Age cultures primarily in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by the earliest experimentation with copper alloys to produce bronze, as well as the improvement of stone tools, and various other local cultural developments. Some scholars classify the Chalcolithic as the earliest phase of the Bronze Age.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/173664 |title=Chalcolithic Transitional To Early Bronze Age Pottery Sherd |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=7/25/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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