- Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
- Rounded, cuplike, hollow parts of objects, such as the body of a stemmed vessel or the part of a pipe in which tobacco is burned.
- Rounded vessels that are generally wider than they are high, usually hemispherical or nearly so. A bowl may have a spreading base or foot ring and sometimes two handles or a cover. Distinguished from a cup, which is rather deep than wide.
- Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
Late Bronze Age
- Refers to the final stage of Bronze Age cultures, distinguished from the Early and Middle Bronze Age cultures by differences in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by very sophisticated and elaborate metalworking techniques and tool and weapon designs. It is characterized by the development of mass-produced objects, hollow objects, armor, and large objects, such as caldrons and shields.
Middle Bronze Age
- Refers to a phase of the Bronze Age distinguished from the Early and Late Bronze Age cultures by differences in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by metalworking techniques and tool and weapon designs of increasing sophistication, including the utilization of valve molds, cire perdue, sheet work, structural ribs, rivets, and pommels on the end of the hilts of swords.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
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