- Photographic prints having albumen as the binder; always black-and-white, though they may be toned to a monochrome hue.
- Uncovered areas, surrounded or partially surrounded by the walls of a building.
- Structures with apertures designed to allow water to spout or flow periodically or continuously, as for amenity or public access.
- Muslim places of worship. Public mosques consist of an area reserved for communal prayers, frequently in a domed building with a minaret, and with a niche (mihrab) or other structure indicating the direction of Mecca. There may also be a platform for preaching (minbar), and an adjacent courtyard in which water is provided for the obligatory ablutions before prayer. Since representations of the human form are forbidden, decoration is geometric or based on Arabic calligraphy.
- Refers to the culture and styles of the Turks, who comprise various ethnic groups that historically lived a nomadic life on the vast Eurasian steppe and spoke Turkic languages, or Turkey, which is a nation in Asia Minor and southeastern Europe, having coastlines on the Aegean, Black, and Mediterranean seas.
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