Central Gaulish Terra Sigillata Bowl Body SherdTrajanic-Hadrianic
1 3/4 in. x 2 3/4 in. x 1/4 in. (4.4 cm x 7 cm x 0.7 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2011.12.148
Geography: Europe, France, Auvergne, Lezoux (Ledosus)
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Bowls
Collection: Howard C. Comfort Collection
Findspot: Asia, Turkey, Adeniz kiysi (region), Antioch-On-The Orontes
This object has the following keywords:
- bowls - Rounded, cuplike, hollow parts of objects, such as the body of a stemmed vessel or the part of a pipe in which tobacco is burned.
- bowls - Rounded vessels that are generally wider than they are high, usually hemispherical or nearly so. A bowl may have a spreading base or foot ring and sometimes two handles or a cover. Distinguished from a cup, which is rather deep than wide.
- fleuron - Decorative motif in the form of a carved or painted floral pattern, square in shape, employed in Gothic architecture. The fleuron was also used for decorative borders and to embellish frames, and as a decorative element at the center of each face of the Corinthian abacus. It is also employed on furniture. For printers' type ornaments, use "printer's flower."
- medallions - Round or oval enframements, usually containing figures or ornamental motifs. Primarily found in two-dimensional media, such as textiles, stained glass, and manuscript illuminations; for circular decorated panels in architectural contexts, use "roundels."
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Terra sigillata - Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Frederick O. Waagé,
Antioch-on-the-Orontes, Vol. IV
Published for the Committee by the Department of Art and Archaeology.
Princeton, NJ, 1948
Page Number: Pg. 74, no. 162, Figure Number: Fig. 40, no. 162
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