- Material derived from eggs, which in the context of art materials are usually the ellipsoidal shell and embryonic contents produced by birds. For paintings, the egg contents are used as a tempera medium. The whole egg, yolk, or white may be used sometimes mixed with oil and/or resin. The egg yolk is a stable emulsion of an aqueous liquid with an oily, proteinaceous medium which dries quickly into a hard, insoluble film. Egg white has been used as a medium for illuminated manuscripts. It is also used as a size for attaching gold leaf. Albumen is the adhesive substance of egg white. As a pure film, albumen is clear, brittle, and water soluble. Water solubility can be decreased by heating or adding tannin. For the exterior of a bird egg comprising the brittle shell composed of keratin and calcite, use "eggshell (animal material)."
gelatin silver prints
- Refers to photographic prints having gelatin as the binder, holding silver as the final image material; always black-and-white, though they may be toned to a monochrome hue.
- Refers to still images produced from radiation-sensitive materials (sensitive to light, electron beams, or nuclear radiation), generally by means of the chemical action of light on a sensitive film, paper, glass, or metal. Photographs may be positive or negative, opaque or transparent. The concept does not include reproductive prints of documents and technical drawings, for which descriptors found under "" are more appropriate. The concept may include photographs made by digital means.
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