Female Kongo Reliquary Figurine
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unknown Congolese (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Female Kongo Reliquary FigurineLate19th century - Mid 20th century
7 x 2 x 1.75 in. (17.78 x 5.08 x 4.445 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Central African - Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
- Congolese - Nationality, styles, and cultures of the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- female - Referring to the sex that normally produces eggs or female germ cells.
- Kongo - Style and culture of the group of more or less closely related Bantu-speaking peoples occupying the adjoining areas of Zaïre, Angola (including the enclave of Cabinda) and the Republic of the Congo. The Kongo area stretches from both sides of the mouth of the Zaïre River on the Atlantic coast, north to Pool Malebo (formerly Stanleypool) and south into Angola. The main peoples of the group include the Kakongo, Vili, Yombe, Nkanu, Woyo and Boma. Especially famous for their power figures (often referred to as ‘fetishes’), the Kongo peoples have produced a wide range of arts, including stone and ceramic funerary sculptures, masks, regalia in wood, metal and ivory, and figurative pot-lids. Examples of Kongo art are held by most museums with African collections.
- power - The property of strength, influence, and dominance over others, which can be personal, political, or national.
- ritual objects - Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- sacred objects - Broadly, ceremonial objects that retain their sacredness in their present context. Sometimes defined more narrowly as only those needed by a present-day culture to practice their religion. For objects that are used primarily for a religious ceremony or function, but are not necessarily in themselves considered sacred, use "religious objects."
- wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Kavuna Simon and Wyatt MacGaffey. "Northern Kongo Ancestor Figures." African Arts 28, no. 2 (Spring, 1995): 48.
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0018070.
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0017979.
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0018018.
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0018319.
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Kavuna Simon and Wyatt MacGaffey. "Northern Kongo Ancestor Figures." African Arts 28, no. 2 (Spring, 1995): 49-91.
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