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Bark Cloth

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Bookmark: http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/198678



unknown Efe (Mbuti)
Efe (Mbuti) Primary



Bark Cloth

ca. 1970's
Bark cloth, pigment

26 x 13 in. (66.04 x 33.02 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2017.6.66
Geography: Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, North Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Classification: Clothing and Adornments
Culture/Nationality: Mbuti, Efe, Congolese, Central African, African

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • bark cloth - A non-woven textile made by beating the inner bark of certain trees and bushes until it is fine and soft. Bark cloth can be painted, stamped, embroidered, or cut and sewn as patchwork although it is relatively fragile, especially when wet. It was once used in almost all of sub-Saharan Africa, being reported as early as the mid-16th century in Liberia; today it is found in Ghana and Nigeria.
  • Central African - Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
  • Congolese - Nationality, styles, and cultures of the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Efe - Style and culture of the African ethnic group of the same name inhabiting the Ituri forest.
  • Mbuti - Style and culture of the African Pygmy ethnic group of the same name currently inhabiting the southeast Ituri Forest region of Zaire.

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Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
  • Laure Meyer, Art and Craft in Africa. Everyday life, Ritual, Court Art (Paris, France: Terrail, 2001), 63-64. Figure Number: 48
  • Georges Meurant and Robert Ferris Thompson. Mbuti Design: Paintings by Pygmy Women of the Ituri Forest (London, England: Thames & Hudson, 1995), 25-125.
  • William F. Wheeler, Jr., "Efe Barkcloth Painting." African Arts 29, no. 4 (Autumn 1996): 65-66, 70.

Related Bibliography List
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
  • Laure Meyer, Art and Craft in Africa. Everyday life, Ritual, Court Art (Paris, France: Terrail, 2001), 66-67.
  • Georges Meurant and Robert Ferris Thompson. Mbuti Design: Paintings by Pygmy Women of the Ituri Forest (London, England: Thames & Hudson, 1995),
  • William F. Wheeler, Jr., "Efe Barkcloth Painting." African Arts 29, no. 4 (Autumn 1996): 62-71.
  • Tom Phillips, ed. Africa: The Art of a Continent (Munich; London; New York: Prestel Verlag and Royal Academy of Arts, 1999), 303-304. Figure Number: 4.7a, 4.7b
  • John Gillow, African Textiles: Color and Creativity Across a Continent (New York, NY: Thames & Hudson, 2016), 202-203.

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios:

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/198678 |title=Bark Cloth |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=5/29/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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