Bogolanfini (Mud cloth) with Cowry Shell Pattern2015
Cotton fiber, Vegetal dye
63 x 38 in. (160.02 x 96.52 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2018.6.23
Geography: Africa, Mali, Southern Mali
Classification: Clothing and Adornments
Culture/Nationality: Bamana, Malian, West African, African
This object has the following keywords:
African*, Bamana, bogolanfini*, cowrie shell*, Malian*, mud cloth*, natural dye*, stenciling*, textiles*, West African*
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- bogolanfini - Mud cloth of the Bamana people of Mali.
- cowrie shell - Shell of any of numerous marine gastropod mollusks of a family widely distributed in warm seas; beautifully polished, often brightly colored, and much used for ornament or as money.
- Malian - Style and culture of Mali in West Africa, either the ancient empire of the 13th and 14th centuries or of the modern republic founded in 1960.
- mud cloth - Cloth dyed or marked with a mud solution, as made by the Bamana people of Mali.
- natural dye - A class of dyes extracted from plant and animal sources. Natural dyes can be derived from leaves, branches, fruits, flowers, or roots of some plants, as distinguished from dyes manufactured from artificial chemical processes.
- stenciling - Method of creating multiple copies of a design by cutting it out of a thin yet durable sheet, such as thin brass or plastic, and dabbing, pouncing, spraying, or rubbing a color substance through the openings. For printing from stencils, use "stencil printing."
- textiles - General term for carpets, fabrics, costume, or other works made of textile materials, which are natural or synthetic fibers created by weaving, felting, knotting, twining, or otherwise processing. For works of art or high craft that employ textile as a medium, prefer "textile art (visual works)."
- West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Sam Hilu and Irwin Hersey. Bogolanfini Mud Cloth (Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2005), 98-99, 102-110.
- Pascal James Imperato, African Mud Cloth: The Bogolanfini Art Tradition of Gneli Traore of Mali (New York, NY: Kilima House Publishers, 2006), 59. Figure Number: 9
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Sam Hilu and Irwin Hersey. Bogolanfini Mud Cloth (Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2005), 5-19.
- Victoria Rovine, "Bogolanfini in Bamako: The Biography of a Malian Textile." African Arts 30, no. 1 (Winter 1997): 40-96.
- J. B. Donne, "Bogolanfini: A Mud-Painted Cloth from Mali." Man, New Series 8, no. 1 (March 1973): 104-107.
- John Gillow, African Textiles: Color and Creativity Across a Continent (New York, NY: Thames & Hudson, 2016), 86-87.
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