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Attic Pottery

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Image of Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup) with Inscriptions and Youths

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Attributed to
Epeleios Painter
Ancient Greek (active ca. 530 BCE - 500 BCE) Primary

Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup) with Inscriptions and Youths

Late Archaic
ca. 510 BCE

4 7/8 x 12 13/16 x 15 3/4 in. (12.4 x 32.5 x 40 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.96
Other Number(s): R 1335 (Lewes House Register)
1 (Joseph Clark Hoppin's "Warren" Purchase List Number)
Geography: Europe, Greece, Attica
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Kylikes
Culture/Nationality: Attic
Findspot: Findspot: tomb at Vulci, in Etruria. Originally excavated for Prince Torlonia at Vulci. A drawing in Stephane Gsell, Fouilles dans la Necropole de Vulci, Paris 1981, pls. xiii-xvi, pp. 178-185.

Chamber B, Tomb LXXIX at Vulci, Eretria. Found with a large Panathenaic amphora, red-clay olpe, fragments of a large bucchero vase, red-clay cup, small alabaster alabastron, ivory handle in the form of a cylinder, fragments of a iron spear.

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Archaic - Refers to the pottery style found in Persia around 6000 BCE. The style is characterized by fine, plain buff pottery tempered with straw that is sometimes decorated with simple red or orange painted designs.
  • Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
  • cups - Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
  • inscriptions - Words, texts, lettering, or symbols marked on a work, including texts, legends, documentation notes, or commemoration. For standardized symbols or notations on objects that convey official information, use "marks (symbols)."
  • kalos inscriptions - Ancient Greek vase inscriptions that take the form of "so-and-so [is] kalos," kalos meaning handsome or beautiful, with an erotic connotation. Some such inscriptions are found on walls as well. The inscriptions are thought to indicate male homosexual love or a cult of celebrity, associated with pederastic courtships that were customary in ancient Greece; they probably reflect the emotions of the patron of the vessel rather than those of the vase painter. The names are usually those of teenage artistocratic Athenians. Those that can be associated with known historical figures have played a significant role in establishing the chronology of Attic vase painting, for they were presumably written when the named person was young. Kale inscriptions for women also exist but they are outnumbered by kalos inscriptions more than twenty to one; the women who are praised in these inscriptions were probably courtesans. The majority of kalos inscriptions are on vases produced between 550 and 450 BCE.
  • kylikes - Ancient Greek drinking vessels in the form of a broad, shallow bowl set on a high foot or pedestal with two upcurving handles.
  • kylikes type B - A type of kylix characterized by one continuous curve from lip to foot and a broad and relatively shallow bowl. It was the most common red-figured cup, supplanting eye cups by about 500 BCE.
  • Red-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
  • tondi - Circular paintings. For circular two-dimensional motifs, use "medallions (ornament areas)"; use "roundels" for circular panels in architectural contexts.
  • vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
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Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Ancient Life on Greek Pottery Bryn Mawr College , Mar 30, 2015 – Jun 1, 2015
  • Breaking Ground, Breaking Tradition: Bryn Mawr and the First Generation of Women Archaeologists Bryn Mawr College , Sep 19, 2007 – Dec 19, 2007

  • Owner Name: Joseph Clark Hoppin
    Role: Donor
    Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
    Acquisition Method: Purchased from Edward Perry Warren
    Disposal Method: Donated to Bryn Mawr College
    Ownership Start Date: 1901
    Ownership End Date: 1901

  • Owner Name: Edward Perry Warren
    Role: Buyer, Collector, Seller
    Place: Lewes House, England
    Acquisition Method: Possibly Purchased from Prince Alessandro Torlonia
    Disposal Method: Sold to Joseph Clark Hoppin
    Ownership Start Date: 1889-1901
    Ownership End Date: 1901
    Remarks: It remains unclear when and how exactly Warren obtained the vase (P.96). We do know from Warren's biography, that the German archaeologist and art dealer, Wolfgang Helbig, told Warren about the presence of signed vases from Vulci. Thus is appears that Helbig was some form of middle-man between Prince Torlonia and Warren. What that role comprised of exactly, whether it was simply knowledge or physical broker, is unknown.

  • Owner Name: Prince Alessandro Torlonia
    Role: Excavator
    Place: Vulci, Italy
    Acquisition Method: Excavation in Vulci, Italy (Tomb LXXIX, Ch. B, n°5)
    Disposal Method: Sold to Edward Perry Warren
    Ownership Start Date: 1889
    Ownership End Date: 1889-1901
    Remarks: In 1889, The French School in Rome received authorization to excavate on the land owned by Torlonia, which included the necropolis at Vulci. Under the direction of Stephane Gsell, they completed the excavations and published with funding from Torlonia. According to the excavation reports, Torlonia built a small museum to display the excavated pieces. How the vase (P.96) left the ownership of Prince Torlonia and to whom remains unclear. It is safe to say, however, that the German archaeologist and art dealer, Wolfgang Helbig, was aware of the collection at Vulci and might have had a hand in its transfer between individuals. We know from the biography of Edward Perry Warren, British collector and dealer that Helbig was the figure that told Warren about the signed vases from Vulci.

Bibliography List
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
  • J. D. Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters Clarendon Press. Oxford, United Kingdom, 1963
    Page Number: 147.18, 1610, 1576, 1587
  • Thomas H. Carpenter and Thomas Mannack. Beazley addenda; 1989 Oxford University Press, for the British Academy. Oxford, United Kingdom, 1989
    Page Number: 179
  • Lucilla Burn and Ruth Glynn. Beazley addenda; 1982 Oxford University Press, for the British Academy. Oxford, United Kingdom, 1982
    Page Number: 89
  • J.T. Cummings, "The Michigan State University Kylix and Its Painter." American Journal of Archaeology 73, no. 1 (January 1969): 70, and plate 30, figures 4 interior, A and B..
  • Gisela M.A. Richter, Attic Red-Figured Vases Yale University Press. New Haven, CT, 1958
    Page Number: 53.
  • Stéphane Gsell, Fouilles dans la Nécropole de Vulci E. Thorin. Paris, France, 1891
    Page Number: 185-187, Figure Number: Plates XIII-XVI
  • Henry Immerwahr, Attic Script Oxford University Press. New York, NY, 1990
    Page Number: 1012
  • Rudolf Wachter, "Attic Vase Inscriptions." (Accessed April 1, 2020): Record No.: 2972.
  • Ann Harnwell Ashmead and Kyle M. Phillips. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, United States, Fascicule 13. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ, 1971
    Page Number: 5-7, Figure Number: Plates 3-4
  • Mary Hamilton Swindler, "The Bryn Mawr Collection of Greek Vases," American Journal of Archaeology 20, no. 3 (1916): 322-331, Figure Number: 10-12.
  • The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, Record No.: 201306, Bryn Mawr (Pa), Bryn Mawr College, P96.

Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
  • J.T. Cummings, "The Michigan State University Kylix and Its Painter." American Journal of Archaeology 73, no. 1 (January 1969): 69-71, Figure Number: Plate 29, 1-3.
  • J.T. Cummings, "The Michigan State University Kylix and Its Painter." American Journal of Archaeology 73, no. 1 (January 1969): 69-71, Figure Number: Plate 30, 7-9 .
  • Mary Hamilton Swindler, "The Bryn Mawr Collection of Greek Vases," American Journal of Archaeology 20, no. 3 (1916): 339, Figure Number: 20.6.

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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup) with Inscriptions and Youths |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=6/4/2023 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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