- Refers to the styles and culture that developed in antiquity in the Nile Valley in the area of modern-day Egypt and southwards. For the cultures and styles of the modern nation of Egypt, use "Egypt (modern)."
- Refers to the last of three great periods of Egyptian civilization from about 1540 to 1075 BCE comprising the Eighteenth Dynasty through the Twentieth Dynasty. The period is characterized by a flowering of the arts including the introduction of colossal statues, a new interest in painting, a high degree of craftsmanship in both royal and private sculpture, and elegant decorative and luxury arts. Notable architectural works include chapels, rock-cut tombs, and monumental stone temples for worship of the gods attesting to the rising power of the priesthood. A brief revolutionary episode especially in representational art occurred during the reign of Akhenaten in the Amarna period when many existing conventions were reversed and more freedom of expression was allowed.
- Fragments of a ceramic or glass vessel from just below the rim.
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