Greek (active ca. 539 BCE - 520 BCE) Primary
Attic Black-Figure Kyathos (Ladle) with Boy Goading a BullArchaic
About 535 BCE
height without handle
2 5/8 x 4 x 5 1/8 in. (6.7 x 10.2 x 13 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- Archaic - Refers to the period, culture, and art of ancient Greece that begins around the mid-eighth century BCE and ends in the early fifth century BCE, with the Persian invasion. It is characterized by the introduction of the alphabet from Phoenicia, the establishment of important city states and colonies, the establishment of the open square, or agora, in city planning, and distinctive styles in painting, sculpture, and architecture. In vase painting, the stylized beasts of the Orientalizing period were replaced by more naturalistic figures in Black-figure and then Red-figure styles. In sculpture, more naturalistic forms developed from the stiff, canonical Egyptian figures of the Orientalizing period. In architecture, the Doric and Ionic orders were developed.
- Attic - Refers to the culture and styles that developed in Athens or elsewhere in Attica, particularly to painted pottery styles that developed chronologically after the Geometric styles. Attic styles are intentionally different from Corinthian styles, and are characterized by imaginative compositions that do not necessarily comply with standards of scale or balance, by monumentality and grandeur, and eventually by a distinctive Black-figure style that became the standard for the rest of the Greek world.
- Black-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Geometric and Orientalizing styles. It appeared in Corinth around 720 BCE, flourished in Attica by 600 BCE, and was found in Sparta, eastern Greece, and elsewhere, until the Red-figure style gradually replaced it in the late sixth century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which is characterized by the use of a refined slip, a two-stage firing process, and sintering to create black figures in silhouette on a red ground. Details were incised into the black figures or applied in purple or white pigment.
- cups - Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
- inscriptions - Words, texts, lettering, or symbols marked on a work, including texts, legends, documentation notes, or commemoration. For standardized symbols or notations on objects that convey official information, use "marks (symbols)."
- kyathoi - Vessels having a single, high looped handle that function as ladles for serving wine out of a krater. The kyathos is teacup-shaped and thin-walled. It is primarily a black-figure form and was originally copied from an Etruscan shape.
- signatures - Persons' names written in their own hand.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
- Ancient Life on Greek Pottery Bryn Mawr College , Mar 30, 2015 – Jun 1, 2015
- height without handle Dimensions: 2 5/8 x 4 x 5 1/8 in. (6.7 x 10.2 x 13.018 cm)
Owner Name: Joseph Clark Hoppin
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Acquisition Method: Purchased from Edward Perry Warren
Disposal Method: Donated to Bryn Mawr College
Ownership Start Date: 1901
Ownership End Date: 1901
Owner Name: Edward Perry Warren
Role: Buyer, Collector, Seller
Place: Lewes House, England
Acquisition Method: unknown
Disposal Method: Sold to Joseph Clark Hoppin
Ownership Start Date: 1901 or before
Ownership End Date: 1901
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Joseph Clark Hoppin,
A Handbook of Greek Black-Figured Vases.
London, England, 1924
Page Number: 192
- Michael M. Eisman, Ph.D., "Attic Kyathos Production." Archaeology 28, no. 2 (1975): 78-79.
The Black-Figure Pottery Signed Nikosthenes Epoiesen
Allard Pierson Museum.
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1999
Figure Number: Pl.131, Image #130
J. D. Beazley,
Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters
Hacker Art Books.
New York, NY, 1978
Page Number: 223.62
- Rudolf Wachter, "Attic Vase Inscriptions." (Accessed April 1, 2020): https://avi.unibas.ch/. Record No.: 2970.
Thomas H. Carpenter
and Thomas Mannack.
Beazley addenda; 1989
Oxford University Press, for the British Academy.
Oxford, United Kingdom, 1989
Page Number: 58
John H. Oakley,
A Guide to Scenes of Daily Life on Athenian Vases
University of Wisconsin Press.
Page Number: 93, Figure Number: 4.9
Le kyathos attique de Madame Teithurnai: Échanges artisanaux et interactions culturelles entre Grecs et Étrusques en Méditerranée archaïque
Centre de Recherches en Archéologie et Patrimoine.
Page Number: 36, 140, Figure Number: 05
- Mary Hamilton Swindler, "The Bryn Mawr Collection of Greek Vases," American Journal of Archaeology 20, no. 3 (1916): 315-316, Figure Number: 4.
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. Record No.: 302811.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. 302813.
- Jan Bouzek Bazant and Maria Dufková. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Tchécoslovaquie, Fascicule 2 (Prague, Czech Republic: Academia, 1990), 58-59. Figure Number: 34-35, Plate (084) 34.1-3
- Henry Immerwahr, Attic Script (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1990), Figure Number: Plate 15.71.
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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