Orientalizing North Ionian Wild Goat Style Body SherdOrientalizing
7th - 6th century BCE
2 13/16 x 3 1/8 x 1/4 in. (7.1 x 7.9 x 0.6 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2009.14.1220
Other Number(s): B 83 (Site No.)
Geography: Asia, Turkey
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Sherds
Collection: Tarsus Excavation
Findspot: Find Spot: Gözlükule, Tarsus, Turkey, Unit H area; Date: 1938; Meters: 14.05-14.50
This object has the following keywords:
- Anatolian - Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
- Ionian - Distinctive pottery painting styles produced in ancient Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey.
- Iron Age - Refers to the period and culture associated with the third age in the Three Age system developed by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen in 1836. Iron Age culture typically developed from the Bronze Age at the point when the qualities of iron were exploited, particularly through carburization, in the manufacture of tools, weapons, and implements. It developed at different times in various parts of the world, first appearing in the Middle East and southeastern Europe around 1,200 BCE, and in China around 600 BCE. In the Americas, it did not develop from the Bronze Age but was introduced to Stone Age cultures by European explorers.
- Orientalizing - Refers to the ancient Greek period and style that followed the Geometric period and existed from around 725 BCE to around 650 BCE, overlapping with the early portion of the Archaic period of Greek history. It developed in Corinth and spread throughout Greece, to Etruria, and to other places with connections to Greece. It grew out of greatly expanded Greek trade and the subsequent influence of Near Eastern and Egyptian cultures. It is characterized by the abandonment of the geometric shapes and stick figures of the Geometric period to favor curvilinear forms, fleshy figures, and new themes, including exotic animals and monsters, such as sphinxes and griffins.
- painting - The application of paint to a surface primarily for protection or to apply a general color. For the application of pigments to a surface to create an expressive or communicative image, use "painting (image-making)."
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Wild Goat Style - Refers to a Greek pottery style that began in Eastern Greece and flourished from about 650 to 550 BCE. It grew out of Sub-Geometric and Orientalizing styles, and is characterized by a loose painting style using dark paint on a light colored slip, enlivened with purple details, and with faces and anatomical details reserved in light. The subject matter often includes animals, especially goats, deer, geese, and griffins.
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