North Ionian Bird Bowl Rim SherdArchaic
Late 7th century BCE
1 7/16 x 2 7/16 x 1/8 in. (3.7 x 6.2 x 0.4 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2009.14.1187
Other Number(s): B 83 (Site No.)
Geography: Asia, Turkey
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Bowls
Culture/Nationality: Prehistoric Anatolian
Collection: Tarsus Excavation
Findspot: Find Spot: Gözlükule, Tarsus, Turkey, Unit H area; Date: 1938; Meters: 14.05-14.50
This object has the following keywords:
Anatolian*, Animalia*, cross-hatching*, Geometric*, Ionian*, lozenges*, Rajiformes*, Rhodian*, rim sherds*, sherds*, vase paintings*
- Anatolian - Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- cross-hatching - Hatching in which a network of lines creating a darker value is made by drawing one set of hatchings over another at a different angle.
- Geometric - Refers to a period, culture, and style that developed first in Attica, but was eventually found throughout Greece, in Italy, and in the Levant. It is generally held to have occurred from around 900 BCE to around 700 BCE, though some classification schemes omit the Protogeometric period and begin the Geometric period at 1100 BCE. In pottery it is characterized by dark-on-light decorations arranged in regularly spaced horizontal bands, and differs from Protogeometric style in that the designs are busier and the bands cover nearly the entire vessel. Designs include zigzags, triangles, meanders, swastikas, and distinctive stylized, angular human and animal figures. Similar designs and figural types were used in sculpture and other arts.
- Ionian - Distinctive pottery painting styles produced in ancient Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey.
- lozenges - Figures that are squares or rhombuses rotated to have their corners on the horizontal and vertical axes. Common as an isolated motif, in a diaper pattern, or in a running series.
- Rajiformes - Members of an order containing around 530 species in eight living families of true rays and skates, which are flat-bodied cartilaginous fishes related to sharks, having eyes on top of head, ventral gills, and greatly enlarged pectoral fins extending forward along gill opening to attach to sides of head and in some even meet in front of head. They swim by creating wavelike motions with these pectoral fins.
- Rhodian - Refers to a style of Greek pottery painting that occurred on the island of Rhodes around 650 BCE. It is characterized by a spontaneous, free brush stroke and themes that often include animals. In some classification schemes it is a variation on the Wild Goat Style.
- rim sherds - Fragments of a ceramic or glass vessel from just below the rim.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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