Featured Peruvian Textiles
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Tunic Interlocked Tapestry Fragment with Geometric Design and Camelid ImageryMiddle Horizon
ca. 600 - ca. 1000
14 3/16 x 12 13/16 x 1/16 in. (36 x 32.5 x 0.2 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- geometric patterns
- Huari - Andean style and culture of the central and northern highlands of the Middle Horizon (ca. 600-1000 CE); named after an archaeological site located in the central highland region of present-day Peru. The style is related to that of monuments at the great site of Tiwanaku, located on Lake Titicaca in northwestern Bolivia. Wari was probably the centre of a militaristic empire that dominated much of the Peruvian highlands and coast during the earlier part of the Middle Horizon. Its influences are seen especially in the Late Nazca (Ica) culture of the southern coast and at Pachacamac on the central coast. The most distinctive decorative motif on Huari pottery is the Doorway God, a stylized, anthropomorphic figure often represented in front view with a rectangular face and rayed headdress. This motif is also found at Tiwanaku. Wari architecture features large enclosures constructed of stone masonry. Monumental temple sculpture is naturalistic and depicts both male and female figures with elaborate hairstyles. "Wari" and "Huari" are often used interchangeably but usage of "Wari" has become more common in museum collections.
- Middle Horizon - The fifth of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating 600-1000 CE.
- Peruvian - Of or belonging to the nation of Peru or its people.
- tapestry - Refers to the process used to create tapestries, which are heavy, woven textiles characterized by ornamental or pictorial designs and used as wall hangings, curtains, upholstery, or to hang from windows or balconies. The process is performed on a tapestry loom and differs from cloth-weaving in that the weft travels only to the warp at the edge of a particular color or pattern in the design, rather traveling from edge to edge of the entire piece of fabric. Various techniques are used in mixing and overlaying colors to create shading and patterns. Details of the design are often painted or embroidered.
- textiles - General term for carpets, fabrics, costume, or other works made of textile materials, which are natural or synthetic fibers created by weaving, felting, knotting, twining, or otherwise processing. For works of art or high craft that employ textile as a medium, prefer "textile art (visual works)."
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