Mace and Helen Katz Neufeld Collection
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Ngongo (Initiation Mask)Late19th century - Mid 20th century
7 1/8 in. x 4 1/2 in. (18.1 cm x 11.43 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Central African - Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
- Congolese - Nationality, styles, and cultures of the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Lwalu - Style and culture of the African ethnic group of the same name inhabiting the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the Kasai River marks the border between Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- masks - Refers to coverings for all or part of the face, usually with openings for the eyes and sometimes the mouth. They are worn to hide or alter the identity of the wearer or for protection. Masks as cultural objects have been used throughout the world in all periods since the Stone Age. Masks are extremely varied in appearance, function, and fundamental meaning. They may be associated with ceremonies that have religious and social significance or are concerned with funerary customs, fertility rites, or curing sickness. They may be used on festive occasions or to portray characters in a dramatic performance and in re-enactments of mythological events. They may be used for warfare and as protective devices in certain sports. They are also employed as architectural ornaments.
- wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 12/20/1996
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Important Tribal Art
New York, NY, 1989
Figure Number: 244
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0033335.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- "Sotheby's: Online Auctions." (Accessed April 21, 2020): https://www.sothebys.com/en. Lot 60; December 14, 2016.
- "Sotheby's: Online Auctions." (Accessed April 21, 2020): https://www.sothebys.com/en. Lot 33; June 18, 2013.
- "Collections Database for the Royal Museum of Central Africa (Turveren, Belgium)." (Accessed August 14, 2020): Africa Museum, https://www.africamuseum.be/en/research/collections_libraries/human_sciences/collections. Accession No.: EO.0.0.43103.
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- "Sotheby's: Online Auctions." (Accessed April 21, 2020): https://www.sothebys.com/en. Lot 60; December 14, 2016, Figure Number: Catalog Note.
- "Sotheby's: Online Auctions." (Accessed April 21, 2020): https://www.sothebys.com/en. Lot 33; June 18, 2013, Figure Number: Catalog Note.
- "Lwalwa." (Accessed April 21, 2020): https://www.africadirect.com/african-peoples-art-lwalwa.
- "Art and Life in Africa: Peoples." (Accessed May 11, 2020): https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/peoples/. https://africa.uima.uiowa.edu/peoples/show/Lwalwa.
- "ÌMỌ̀ DÁRA." (Accessed May 10, 2020): Imodara.com. https://www.imodara.com/discover/dr-congo-lwalu-ngongo-initiation-mask-nkaki-male-mask/.
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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