Attic Black-Figure Miniature Panathenaic Amphora (Storage Vessel)Classical
Early 4th century BCE
3 5/8 x 1 3/4 x 1 3/4 in. (9.2 x 4.4 x 4.4 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.78
Geography: Europe, Greece, Athens
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Amphorae
This object has the following keywords:
amphorae*, Animalia*, Athena, Attic*, Black-figure*, Classical*, Gods and Goddesses*, miniature*, Panathenaic amphorae*, Strigiformes*, vase paintings*, Warriors
- amphorae - Ancient Greek and Roman storage vessels of many variations usually having a large oval body with a narrow neck and two or more handles extending from the mouth or neck to the shoulders on the body.
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
- Black-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Geometric and Orientalizing styles. It appeared in Corinth around 720 BCE, flourished in Attica by 600 BCE, and was found in Sparta, eastern Greece, and elsewhere, until the Red-figure style gradually replaced it in the late sixth century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which is characterized by the use of a refined slip, a two-stage firing process, and sintering to create black figures in silhouette on a red ground. Details were incised into the black figures or applied in purple or white pigment.
- Classical - Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
- Gods and Goddesses - Added June 2010 by M. Weldon
- miniature - Use to describe objects and beings of a reduced size or scale compared to the average or normal range for its kind.
- Panathenaic amphorae - Refers to amphorae that were filled with olive oil from the sacred trees of Athena, given as prizes in the Panathenaic Games. They were neck amphorae with a large, broad body sharply tapering downward and a relatively thin neck. The standard decoration included images of Athena on one side and the contest at which the prize was won on the other, usually in the Black-figure technique.
- Strigiformes - Order containing around 180 species in two families of nocturnal raptorial birds with hooked beaks, strong talons, and soft plumage. All owls have the same general appearance, which is characterized by a flat face, small hooked beak, short tail, round wings, and large, forward-facing eyes. The bird became associated with Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and also owls became symbolic of intelligence because it was thought that they could forsee events. Also, because of their nocturnal existence and hooting sounds, owls have also been symbols associated with the occult. In the Middle Ages, the owl became a symbol of the darkness before the coming of Christ.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
- Ancient Life on Greek Pottery Bryn Mawr College , Mar 30, 2015 – Jun 1, 2015
- Breaking Ground, Breaking Tradition: Bryn Mawr and the First Generation of Women Archaeologists Bryn Mawr College , Sep 19, 2007 – Dec 19, 2007
- Ancient Greece: Life and Art The Newark Museum , Feb 2, 1980 – Mar 16, 1980
- Aspects of Ancient Greece Allentown Art Museum , Sep 16, 1979 – Dec 30, 1979
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, PhD
and Gloria Ferrari Pinney.
Aspects of Ancient Greece.
Allentown Art Museum.
Allentown, PA, 1979
Page Number: 68-69, Figure Number: 31
J. D. Beazley,
Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters
Hacker Art Books.
New York, NY, 1978
Page Number: 662
Ancient Greece: Life and Art
The Newark Museum.
Newark, New Jersey, 1980
Page Number: 5, Figure Number: 97a
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