82-40 (Neufeld Collection Number)
Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Ritual Objects
Yoruba, Nigerian, West African, African
This double-edged axe of the Yoruba Orisha Shango is referred to as an Edun Ara, and represents Shango's power as the god of thunder. Shango was the king of Oyo, where the facial scarification pattern, or abaja, are sets of three lines, referenced by the sets of three stripes carved onto each side of the blade.
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- Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Carved staffs bearing heads shaped like double-headed axes, carried by devotees of the Yoruba god Shango and used in ceremonies as dance wands.
- Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- Broadly, ceremonial objects that retain their sacredness in their present context. Sometimes defined more narrowly as only those needed by a present-day culture to practice their religion. For objects that are used primarily for a religious ceremony or function, but are not necessarily in themselves considered sacred, use "religious objects."
- Refers to permanent marks, such as symbols, patterns, or other designs, made on human skin by scarring, done for social or cultural reasons or for personal decoration.
- Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.