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Birnik Toggle Harpoon Head

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Bookmark: http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/147613





Birnik Toggle Harpoon Head



Bone


Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 65.2.1
Geography: North and Central America, United States, Alaska, Point Barrow
Classification: Tools and Equipment; Hunting and Fishing Tools
Culture/Nationality: Birnirk, Native American

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Arctic - In the context of art and culture, the culture of the indigenous peoples of the northern polar region of the earth, including the Arctic Ocean and the northernmost parts of Asia, Europe, and North America. The term may also refer to the animals, plants, climate, geology, geography, and oceanography of the area.
  • bone - The rigid, calcareous material that is white in color and forms the skeleton of vertebrates; primarily composed of calcium hydroxyapatite with smaller amounts of calcium carbonate, calcium fluoride, magnesium phosphate, and ossein, a high molecular weight protein. Bones have a concentric structure with central lymphatic canals surrounded by a spongy lamellar region protected by a dense outer cortex. Bone has been carved and used since ancient times for many purposes, including fish-hooks, spear heads, needles, handles, and art objects. Bones were also burnt to produce bone black and boiled to produce bone glue. Bone can be distinguished from ivory by being generally whiter, more porous, and less dense.
  • harpoons - Hunting weapons consisting of a fixed or detachable barbed head mounted on a staff, thrown by hand or fired from a harpoon gun, used against large fish and marine mammals.
  • heads - The striking part of a percussion, edged, or projectile tool or weapon, or the part of an explosive projectile weapon carrying the live explosive.
  • hunting - The action or practice of chasing, and usually killing, game or other wild animals, for sustenance, profit, or sport.
  • Native American - Typically reserved to refer narrowly to the cultures of the native peoples of the United States and Canada, excluding the Eskimos and Aleuts. For the indigenous peoples of Canada use the term "First Nations." For the broader concept of the cultures of any native peoples of Central America, South America, North America, or the West Indies who are considered to belong to the Mongoloid division of the human species, use "Amerindian (culture)."
  • North American - Refers to the cultures of the continent of North America, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Circle, and Central America. In classifications schemes based on physical geography, Central America, and North America are parts of the same continent.
  • weapons - Implements or mechanisms used for defense or attack in combat, hunting, or war.

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
Additional Image 65.2.1_BMC_cc_2.jpg
65.2.1_BMC_cc_2.jpg
Additional Image 65.2.1_BMC_cc_3.jpg
65.2.1_BMC_cc_3.jpg
Additional Image 65.2.1_BMC_cc.jpg
65.2.1_BMC_cc.jpg
Additional Image 65.2.1_BMC_pl_2.jpg
65.2.1_BMC_pl_2.jpg

Exhibition List
This object was included in the following exhibitions:
  • Frederica de Laguna: At Home in the Arctic Bryn Mawr College , Oct 1, 2010 – Mar 31, 2013
  • Frederica DeLaguna: Contributions of an American Anthropologist to the Bryn Mawr College Collections Bryn Mawr College , Apr 1, 1999 – Dec 15, 2003

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
This object is a member of the following portfolios:

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/147613 |title=Birnik Toggle Harpoon Head |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=7/3/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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