- Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
- Script originally developed for the Sumerian language in the 3rd millennium BCE, consisting of characters made in clay with a wedge-shaped stylus.
- Words, texts, lettering, or symbols marked on a work, including texts, legends, documentation notes, or commemoration. For standardized symbols or notations on objects that convey official information, use "marks (symbols)."
- Refers to the first two centuries, 2000-1800 BCE, of the Assyrian period in Northern Mesopotamia. Contact with Anatolia through commerce and trading colonies had a particular influence on the style of the period.
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