South Gaulish Terra Sigillata Bowl Base Fragment
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Roman (active 41 - 68) Primary
South Gaulish Terra Sigillata Bowl Base FragmentClaudian-Neronian
3 1/4 x 7/8 x 2 1/4 in. (8.3 x 2.2 x 5.7 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.3206
Geography: Europe, France, La Graufesenque
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Bowls
Culture/Nationality: Roman, South Gaulish
Collection: Robinson Collection
This object has the following keywords:
- bowls - Rounded, cuplike, hollow parts of objects, such as the body of a stemmed vessel or the part of a pipe in which tobacco is burned.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Terra sigillata - Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
Owner Name: Henry S. Robinson and Rebecca Wood Robinson, Class of 1945, MA 1950
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Purchased at the St. Ouen Flea Market in Paris, France
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: 1990
Ownership End Date: 1999
Remarks: Purchased by Robinson in September 1990 at the St. Ouen Flea Market in Paris, France. They were thought to have been discards from an excavation in France. Robinson purchased the eight sherds (P-3205-P3212) at $1-2 each.
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