- Refers to the culture and styles that developed in antiquity in the geographical area of modern Turkey.
Early Bronze Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of Bronze Age cultures, which developed differently in different regions, either from Chalcolithic or Neolithic technologies. It differs from the Middle and Late Bronze Age cultures primarily in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by the earliest experimentation with copper alloys to produce bronze, as well as the improvement of stone tools, and various other local cultural developments. Some scholars classify the Chalcolithic as the earliest phase of the Bronze Age.
Middle Bronze Age
- Refers to a phase of the Bronze Age distinguished from the Early and Late Bronze Age cultures by differences in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by metalworking techniques and tool and weapon designs of increasing sophistication, including the utilization of valve molds, cire perdue, sheet work, structural ribs, rivets, and pommels on the end of the hilts of swords.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
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