- Elements at the bottoms of structures or objects upon which the upper parts rest or are supported; for large objects, bases are often relatively massive. For terminal elements upon which objects rest and that are small in relation to the body of the object, use "feet."
Early Iron Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of the Iron Age, when the distinct functional properties of iron were first exploited, including the use of forging, and it began to supplant bronze in the production of tools and weapons.
- Refers to the period and culture associated with the third age in the Three Age system developed by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen in 1836. Iron Age culture typically developed from the Bronze Age at the point when the qualities of iron were exploited, particularly through carburization, in the manufacture of tools, weapons, and implements. It developed at different times in various parts of the world, first appearing in the Middle East and southeastern Europe around 1,200 BCE, and in China around 600 BCE. In the Americas, it did not develop from the Bronze Age but was introduced to Stone Age cultures by European explorers.
- Solid, fixed supports found under such architectural elements as columns or balustrades, or built in to hold sculpture; may also be used for freestanding furniture supports, usually for decorative objects, sometimes incorporating cabinets or shelves; usually classically divided by tripartation into base, dado, and cap.
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