Congolese (Vunda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central Africa) Primary
5 1/4 x 3 5/8 x 7 in. (13.335 x 9.208 x 17.78 cm)
Gift of Janet MacGaffey, PhD 1981, and Wyatt MacGaffey, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Haverford College
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2022.7.5
Geography: Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Vunda (Lower Zaire)
Classification: Fine and Visual Arts; Sculptures
Culture/Nationality: Congolese, Central African, African
Collection: Janet MacGaffey, PhD 1981
Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keywordThis object has the following keywords:
African*, animals, birds, Central African*, Central Democratic Republic of Congo styles*, ceramic*, clay*, Congolese*, ducks*, earthenware*, geometric patterns, green*, paint*, Serpentes*
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- Central African - Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
- Central Democratic Republic of Congo styles - Styles belonging to Central Democratic Republic of Congo cultures.
- ceramic - Refers to any of various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing a nonmetallic mineral, such as clay, at a high temperature.
- clay - Naturally occurring sediments that are produced by chemical actions resulting during the weathering of rocks. Clays are composed of hydrated aluminum silicates, such as Kaolinite, Illite, Palygorskite, Attapulgite, Bentonite, and Montmorillonite. Small amounts of other minerals can change the color (white, yellow, brown or red) and texture of the clays. Clays may include all earths that form a paste with water and harden when heated.
- Congolese - Nationality, styles, and cultures of the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- ducks - General term for members of various species of relatively small, short-necked, large-billed waterfowl. They differ from geese in being smaller in size and having legs that are placed rearward, and the result is a distinctive waddling gait. Males, known as drakes, and females, known as hens, exhibit some degree of differentiation in plumage and in call.
- earthenware - Pottery with a porous body, fired below 1200 degrees Centigrade. It is not vitrified, and must be glazed to render it nonporous.
- geometric patterns
- green - Hue name for the color representing that portion of the spectrum that is intermediate between blue and yellow, with wavelengths between 520 and 570 nanometers. The term may refer to any of this group of colors that vary in lightness and saturation. An example of green color in nature is that of growing grass. It is a secondary pigment color (made by combining yellow and blue) and one of the three additive primary colors.
- paint - Any dispersion of pigment in a liquid binder. Paint is applied with a brush, roller, sprayer, or by dipping and dries to form a decorative or protective film.
- Serpentes - Suborder containing around 2,900 species of reptiles with a greatly elongated body, tapering tail, smooth scaly integument, and in some species, venomous properties. Snakes represent a lizard that, over the course of evolution, has undergone structural reduction, simplification, and loss as well as specialization of characteristics. All snakes lack external limbs, but not all legless reptiles are snakes. All snakes are carnivorous and can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids, limbs, external ears, and vestiges of forelimbs.
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Owner Name: Janet MacGaffey, PhD 1981, and Wyatt MacGaffey, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Haverford College
Place: Mbanza Manteke, Democratic Republic of Congo
Acquisition Method: Purchased from the Artist
Disposal Method: Donation to Bryn Mawr College
Ownership Start Date: 1965
Ownership End Date: 2022
Bibliography ListThe following Bibliography exist for this object:
- Janet MacGaffey, "Kongo Pottery: Woman's Art from Zaire." Heresies: Women's Traditional Arts - The Politics of Aesthetics 1, No. 4 (1978): Heresies, http://heresiesfilmproject.org/archive/#1149. 116-117.
- Janet MacGaffey, "Two Kongo Potters." African Arts 9, No. 1 (October, 1975): 31.
Comparanda ListThe following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Maureen Vincke, Nzungu: La Ceramique Bakongo (Brussels, Belgium: Galerie Congo, January 1, 2002), ill. 56, ill 55, . Figure Number: 30
Related Bibliography ListThe following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Janet MacGaffey, "Two Kongo Potters." African Arts 9, No. 1 (October, 1975): 28-31, 92.
- Maureen Vincke, Nzungu: La Ceramique Bakongo (Brussels, Belgium: Galerie Congo, January 1, 2002), 30-31.
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