Kilonda (Ceremonial Axe)Late 19th century - Early 20th century
Carved and incised metal
16 in. (40.64 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 99.3.34
Other Number(s): 138 (Neufeld Collection Number)
Geography: Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Ritual Objects
Culture/Nationality: Songye, Congolese, Central African, African
Collection: Neufeld Collection
This object has the following keywords:
African*, axes*, Central African*, Congolese*, copper alloy*, iron*, ritual objects*, scepters*, Songye
- African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- axes - Cutting tools that consist of a relatively heavy edged, squarish head fixed to a handle, the edge or edges being parallel to the handle so as to be suited for striking, hewing, cleaving, or chopping, trees, wood, ice, or another material. For axes used as weapons, typically having wider blades, use "axes (weapons)." For similar tools that are smaller and lighter, use "hatchets." For long-handled tools with a curved blade set perpendicular to the handle and used for dressing lumber, use "adzes."
- Central African - Styles and cultures from a wide region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system.
- Congolese - Nationality, styles, and cultures of the people of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
- copper alloy - Alloy in which copper is the principle element.
- iron - Pure metallic element having symbol Fe and atomic number 26; metallic iron is silvery in color, lustrous, soft, ductile, malleable, and slightly magnetic; it rusts when exposed to moist air. It is rarely found as a native metal (telluric iron) except in meteorites (meteoric iron). Iron is most often found throughout the world as iron oxides (hematite, magnetite, limonite, and siderite) mixed with other ores.
- ritual objects - Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- scepters - Staffs or batons borne by sovereigns as ceremonial emblems of authority.
Owner Name: Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Ownership End Date: 12/20/1996
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Werner Fischer and Manfred A. Zirngibl. African Weapons: Knives, Daggers, Swords, Axes, Throwing Knives (Passau: Prinz-Verlag, 1978), 163. Figure Number: 295
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0166859.
- "African Heritage Document and Research Center." (Accessed June 11, 2020): AHDRC.eu. Record No.: 0168066.
- Museum für Völkerkunde Frankfurt am Main, Waffen aus Zentral-Afrika (Frankfurt, Germany: Museum für Völkerkunde Frankfurt am Main, January 1, 1985), 267, 376. Figure Number: 338
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
- Werner Fischer and Manfred A. Zirngibl. African Weapons: Knives, Daggers, Swords, Axes, Throwing Knives (Passau: Prinz-Verlag, 1978), 160-163. Figure Number: 295
- Jean- Baptiste Bacquart, The Tribal Arts of Africa (New York, NY: Thames & Hudson, 1998), 168-169. Figure Number: 5
- 戈思明 and 菲利斯. Fatal Beauty: Traditional Weapons from Central Africa (National Museum of History, January 2009), 55-57.
- H. Westerdijk, IJzerwerk van Centraal-Afrika: Een systematische indeling van mensen, sabels en bijlen, met een overzicht van oorlogs- en statiesperen, pijlen, over de smid en zijn werk ( De Tijdstroom, January 1, 1975), 69-71, 99. Figure Number: Group XIII, Figure 15
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
Your current search criteria is: Keyword is "BATYW".View current selection of records as: