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Image of Wakemia or Wunkirmian (Ceremonial Ladle)

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unknown Dan

Wakemia or Wunkirmian (Ceremonial Ladle)

19th century - 20th century
Wood, Paint

3.78 x 5.2 x 26.69 in. (9.601 x 13.208 x 67.793 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2016.14.90
Geography: Africa, Côte d'Ivoire or Liberia
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Ritual Objects
Culture/Nationality: Dan, Ivorian or Liberian, West African, African
Collection: Jane Martin Collection

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • African - Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • carvings - Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
  • Dan
  • kaolin - Hydrated aluminum silicate clay. It is used for making porcelain for china and chemical porcelain for valves, tubes, and fittings, as a pigment and filler in paint and plastic, an abrasive powder, and in paper to yield a glossy surface.
  • ritual objects - Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
  • West African - Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
  • wood - The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
  • wunkermian - Large, wooden, serving spoons with carved handles, typically in the form of a human head, domestic animals or ornament, used by the Dan and neighboring peoples in Liberia in association with feasts, and serving as a symbol of hospitality and generosity.

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Comparanda List
The following Comparanda exist for this object:

Related Bibliography List
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
  • "Rand African Art." (Accessed May 9, 2020):
  • "The Met Online Collections Database." The Met Collection. (Accessed April 9, 2020): The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession No.: 1979.206.254.
  • "Smarthistory: Art, History, Conversation." (Accessed May 9, 2020):

Portfolio List Click a portfolio name to view all the objects in that portfolio
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If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url= |title=Wakemia or Wunkirmian (Ceremonial Ladle) |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=6/7/2023 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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